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№4 (38) 2019

Demography and social economy, 2019, 4(38):103-115
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.04.103
UDC 316.334.55 : 316.42 (477)

L.V. Holovko
PhD (Economics), Senior Research
Ptоukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Вlvd Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: holovko_lilia@ukr.net
ORCID 0000-0002-3372-764X

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The purpose of the article is to determine the current trends and new approaches to improving the quality of communal amenities of housing in rural settlements and the use of vacant housing stock, depending on its state and needs of the population. The characteristic features and the current state of the rural housing stock of Ukraine are determined. Asymmetric of the housing stock quality in urban and rural areas is indicated. The level of housing provision in rural areas is in general, higher than in urban areas, but a significant part of thesе funds made up of old buildings that require renovation and modernization. The interrelation between the demographic factor and structural changes in rural housing stock is revealed. A significant role in the negative processes of natural and mechanical growth of the population, which leads to an increase in the number of vacant houses, while creating the problem of maintaining the housing stock and the need to find new approaches to its solution, taking into account social transformations. The indicators of housing stock arrangement in rural areas are analyzed. The integral index of the modernization of rural housing stock indicating the preservation of territorial disparities during 2013–2017 is determined. The estimation of quantitative and qualitative indices of housing conditions of the rural population determining the degree of satisfaction of its social needs is given. Positive tendencies of rural housing stock modernization in some regions of Ukraine are revealed. The priority directions of creating a comfortable housing environment in rural settlements depending on the state of the housing stock and the needs of the population are determined. In particular, the main focus is on the reconstruction of a vacant housing stock with the use of environmental technologies, the adaptation of new interior styles. New approaches to the use of vacant rural housing stock in the context of the challenges of society are proposed: the premises of former vocational schools for the creation of rehabilitation, social and youth centers; vacant residential buildings - to create a network of social loft housing for low-income families, migrants, victims of techno genic or natural situations, as temporary social housing for young professionals; Renting farmsteads as a means of accommodation in the field tourism, in particular in the development of tourist clusters, which is relevant in shaping the trends for the growth of rural tourism and its types.
Key words: rural housing stock, rural population, countryside, rural settlements, indicators, modernization, directions.
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