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№4 (42) 2020

Demography and social economy, 2020, 4(42):106-119
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2020.04.106
УДК 314.04:332.135

M. V. Otkydach,
Chief Economist
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, Blvd Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: m.otkydach@gmail.com
ORCID: 0000-0002-7665-7979

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Applying asymmetry coeffi cients to investigate the “decent work” component in an index model of regional human development is proposed. Th e author presents the methodology for measuring asymmetry for aspects of human development and calculates asymmetry coeffi cients for the “decent work” aspect. Th e article analyzes the manifestations of asymmetry in leading regions and in regions with low subindex rate and gives the graphical representation of asymmetry concerning to the perfectly symmetric situation and the division of regions into groups according to the level of their asymmetry coeffi cients. Th e main characteristics that provoke asymmetry in the regions are identifi ed and the nature of their impact on human development is determined. Th e Matrix form presents the results of the division of regions by the level of decent work development and the degree of asymmetry of the component “decent work”. Th is analysis shows that there is a signifi cant positive relationship between the asymmetry index and the subindex rates of the decent work aspect. At the same time, it is revealed that a low asymmetry is not always accompanied by positive achievements. Th e problems of regional peculiarities are actualized today in the context of human development studies. Th ere is a special interest in establishing the sub-index aspects of human development, in particular the decent work. From now on, there is a need for more detailed methodological approaches, as well as a better analysis of the situation, process and to fi nd out the disproportions in the labor markets of Ukrainian regions. Th e purpose of the article is to present results of measuring the asymmetry of decent work components in an index model of regional human development. Th e methods of research are the following: logical analysis, generalization and analogy, statistical data analysis, graphical method, economic and mathematical modeling. Th e methodological basis of the presented research is the modern studies of human development. Th e novelty of the paper is the implementation of the new research idea of using asymmetry coeffi cients to investigate the decent work component within an index model of regional human development.
Key words: asymmetry, decent work, human development, human development index, subindices.
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