ua ru en

№3 (41) 2020

Demography and social economy, 2020, 3(41):17-36
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2020.03.017
UDC 314-043.92 (477-25)
JEL Classifi cation: J14

I.O. Kurylo, Dr. Sc. (Economics), Prof.
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social
Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Вlvd Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: iryna.kurilo2017@gmail.com
ORCID 0000-0002-5082-2024

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Th e purpose of this work is to conduct in-depth comprehensive analysis of the characteristics of demographic aging in the city of Kyiv, to identify its distinctive features and the specifics of the issues caused by this process. Demographic aging in the capital is analyzed in a comparative context - against the background of the urban population of the country (excluding the population of Kyiv) and in comparison with the urban population of the adjacent Kyiv region. Demographic aging is investigated with such methods of estimation which haven’t been used in studies of these territorial objects yet. As it’s shown by traditional indicators of aging, the population of Kyiv is estimated now to be younger than the urban population of Ukraine (without Kyiv), but somewhat older than the urban population of the Kyiv region. Over the past fi ve years, the aging process has accelerated in the capital and the surrounding region. Also the proportion of the oldest among the elderly has increased. Abovementio- ned were caused by both some improvement in the survival and the infl uence of the “de- mographic wave”. Due to the survival advantages in Kyiv, the prospective age for its population is higher. So the indicator of aging by prospective age and prospective old age dependency ratio show that the population of Kyiv is younger than the urban population of the country (excluding Kyiv) as well as the population of Kyiv region. Th e capital has relatively better demoeconomic conditions for social-economic development and for the potential support of elderly by the active population. Th e demographic aging in the city will progress rapidly in the future. Th is inference made using the model of the stable population and calculations on the medium-term demographic forecast for Kyiv. Capital city due to its specific role and functions is stated to have increased needs for the development of medical care (especially highly specialized) and various social services adressed to the elderly. Author identifies the specific risks for the elderly in the big city due to the COVID-19 epidemic and the corresponding challenges for the health and social care system. Also paper deals with the imperatives for restructuring the urban space to achieve sanitation norms, ensure the avai- lability of everyday infrastructure for people of all ages and generally comfortable living conditions for elderly in big city.
Key words: demographic aging in the capital cities, mean age, index of ageing, prospective age, aging by prospective age, prospective old-age dependency ratio, consequences and challenges of demographic aging, policy for adaptation of the big city to demographic aging.
1. OECD (2015). Ageing in Cities. OECD Publishing, Paris. https://doi.org/10.1787/978956423160-en
2. Beard, J. et al. (2012). Ageing and Urbanization. Global Population Ageing: Peril or Promise.World Economic Forum.Geneva.
3. Buff el, T., McGarry, P., Phillipson, C., Donder, L., Dury, S., De Witte, N., Smetcoren, A.,&Verté, D. (2014). Developing Age-Friendly Cities: Case Studies from Brussels and Manchester and Implications for Policy and Practice.Journal of Ageing and Social Policy, Vol. 26, 1-2, 52-72. https://doi.org/10.1080/08959420.2014.855043
4. Manchester City Council (2009). Manchester: A Great Place to Grow Older, 2010-2013. Manchester. United Kingdom.
5. Burian, J., Zimmermannová, J., & Macků, K. (2020).Demographic Development Planning in Cities.V. Pászto, C. Jürgens, P. Tominc, J. Burian (Eds). Spationomy. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-26626-4_14
6. Ptukha, M.V. (1960). Essays on population statistics. Moskow: HosstatyzdatTsSUSSSR [in Russian].
7. Ptukha, M.V. (1925). Th e population of the Kiev province. Bulletin of the Kiev Gubs ta t- buro, 4-5. Kyiv [in Russian].
8. Hlukhanova, H.L. (1977). Peculiarities of natural movement of urban population in de- mographic zones of the Ukrainian SSR. Demographic research,5, 49-55. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
9. Hlukhanova, H.L. (1978). Socio-demographic aspects of urbanization of the Ukrainian SSR. Demographic research, 6, 46-51. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
10. Korchak-Chepurkivskyi, Yu.O. (1970). Calculation of the growth rate of the number and age of those living in a stabilized population with a constant level of migration (on the example of Kyiv). Demographic research, 1, 24-41. Kyiv: Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].
11. Socio-demographic situation in Kyiv in the transition to a market economy (2020). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
12. Shevchuk, P.Ye. (2019). Life Expectancy in Metropolises in Ukraine in the Beginning оf the XXI Century. Demography and Social Economy,3(37), 73-85. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.03.073 [in Ukrainian].
13. Shevchuk, P.Ye. (2020). Dynamics and Structure of Fertility in the Largest Cities in Ukraine at the Beginning of the XXI Century. Demography and Social Economy,1(39), 3-19. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2020.01.003 [in Ukrainian].
14. Dumanska, V. (2020). Demographic Trends іn Megapolis: a Case оf European Countries. Demography and Social Economy,1(39), 20-32. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2020.01.020 [in Ukrainian].
15. Kyiv City Development Strategy until 2025 (n.d.). https://dei.kyivcity.gov.ua/fi les/2017/7/ 28/Strategy2025new.pdf [in Ukrainian].

» pdf