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№4 (38) 2019

Demography and social economy, 2019, 4(38):130-141
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.04.130
UDC 330.3+364

V.L. Zhakhovska
PhD (Economics), Senior Research
Ptоukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Вlvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: valentinnazh@gmail.com
ORCID 0000-0002-2361-1088

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The rural population is more socially vulnerable than the urban population, it is more often at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Their employment or self-employment in the private peasant economy is not a guarantee of a decent standard of living, and the received pensions are not much higher than the subsistence level. Low degree of personal responsibility of rural population of working age, lack of financial literacy, consumer sentiment domination without regard for the future (voluntary refusal of mandatory contributions to social funds, informal employment, illegal employment, including employment abroad), malpractice of officials, who are responsible for the document management of the liquidated agricultural enterprises, lead to complication of social prospects, including pension provision of the peasants. As a result, emerging rural and urban communities face increasing challenges in the decentralization process, not only in the short term but also in the long term. Therefore, the purpose of the article is to identify current trends in social protection and pension provision for the rural population, as well as to justify the most pressing social problems for local governments in the context of decentralized reforms in modern government and to enhance the social status of the state. The ways of obtaining of wrongful social payments by the peasants, which, on the one hand, compensate for the lack of sources of labor income by narrowing the overall capacity of the rural labor market, and on the other, lead to inefficient use of budget funds, are determined. The necessity to preserve the norms of providing the state with pedagogical workers working in rural and urban settlements, as well as pensioners who previously worked as pedagogical workers in these settlements and lived in them with free use of housing with heating and lighting, is substantiated. The deficiencies in the system of collection and accounting of the single compulsory state social insurance contribution are identified, according to which farmers are obliged to pay a single social contribution, if they do not belong to persons who are subject to insurance on other grounds. The inappropriateness of the gender approach in assigning retirement pensions on preferential terms to individual agricultural workers are proved.
Key words: social protection, pension, rural population, rural community, decentralization
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