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№3 (37) 2019

Demography and social economy, 2019, 3(37): 73-85
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.03.073
UDC 314.84(477)

P. Shevchuk
PhD (Economics), Leading Researcher
Ptoukha Institute for Demography
and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: pavlo-shevchuk@ukr.net
ORCID 0000-0003-1158-4438

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine the modern features of the dynamics of life expectancy in metropolises in Ukraine and compare it with the rest of the population of the regions in which they are located. Under metropolises are understood cities whose socio-economic and cultural influence extends beyond the boundaries of their administrative unit. At present, six such cities can be identified in Ukraine: Dnipro, Donetsk, Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa, and Kharkiv. For the first time in the last 100 years, comparative analysis of mortality and life expectancy indicators of the largest cities of Ukraine and the rest of the population of the respective regions was carried out on the modern data. The ranking of regions of Ukraine based on the life expectancy at birth by sex was constructed, provided that the data of the metropolises are included and excluded from the regions. It is shown that the data removal of these cities worsens the indicators of the rest of the oblast to the extent that they find themselves at the last places of the ranking except for the Lviv region due to the small statistical significance of Lviv and the relatively small difference in their mortality. The difference in life expectancy at birth in the metropolises relative to the rest of its region can be up to 4.2 years (for women) and from 1.5 to 5.8 years (for men). Mortality reducing at the beginning of the 21st century was started in metropolises first. This is confirmed by the fact that the greatest gap in the survival rates between them and their regions was achieved at the beginning of the upward trend, which lasted from 2008 to 2013. High rates of mortality decline which continued in the metropolises, which resulted in an increasing intra-regional differentiation of life expectancy. The metropolises are indeed leaders of positive change. In the event of mortality decreasing in the country, it is in them that there is an earlier beginning and higher rates of improvement. The stagnation and sometimes the decline in life expectancy in 2014–2017 may be due to the deterioration of the quality of statistical data, and in some cases the loss of life potential as a result of war. In particular, in 2014, the death of young men led to a decrease in the expected life expectancy at birth to over 1.5 years.
Key words: metropolis, big city, large city, mortality, life expectancy
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