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№2 (36) 2019

Demography and social economy, 2019, 2(36):39-51
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.02.051
UDC 314.37

B.О. Krimer
Ph. D (Economics), Senior Researcher
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: b.krimer.demostudy@gmail.com
ORCID 0000-0002-2103-6622

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The paper is aimed at studying single-parents policy (as a component of family policy) development. The background of single-parents policy development, the current measures, the problems and prospects for further modernization in Ukraine are investigated. The increase in single parenthood as a regular consequence of socioeconomic and demographic transformations is considered: a single-parents family is often a conscious choice of a person and has adequate potential for the necessary development of a child. As a result of the spread of single parenthood, a number of problems arise. In particular, regarding the poverty of families with children and the difficulty of combining parenting and employment. The similarity of the demographic development of Ukraine and other developed countries led to the similarity of related socio-economic challenges, and also made it possible to use positive experience in solving the problems caused, in particular in the field of helping single parents. The modern policy of supporting single parents is a set of measures to create a comfortable social and economic environment for single parents with children. The most effective in combating poverty of single parents is considered to be a comprehensive assistance strategy that combines material support for single parents, promoting parental employment and the provision of social childcare services, and promoting gender equality. The transition from prioritizing material support to single parents with children to expanding employment opportunities is a longterm trend in the family policies of developed countries. Facilitating the employment of single parents as best as possible prevents their poverty, but the spread of underemployment increases the level of poverty of single parents. Especially important for expanding employment opportunities and ensuring the welfare of single parents is the availability of childcare services. Among the ways to improve the policy of helping single parents in Ukraine are: improving the material support system regarding differentiation in order of priority, expanding the network of available preschool institutions, improving the quality of preschool institutions, staff training and facilities for parents, distributing other forms of child care at an early age (caring, family kindergartens), empowering single parents regarding employment by increasing the flexibility of employment and creating training opportunities for parents, retraining and job search.
Key words: lone parents, social policy,, employment, poverty, pre-school establishments
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