ua ru en

№2 (36) 2019

Demography and social economy, 2019, 2(36):178-193
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.02.178
UDC 519.7

I. L. Tatomur
PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of departments of Economics and Management
Drohobych State Pedagogical University after Ivan Franko
82100, Ukraine, Drohobych, Ivan Franko Str., 24
Е-mail: Tatomur@gmail.com
ORCID 0000-0002-3274-7083

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The paper analyzes the pessimistic and optimistic predictions of economists regarding the further role of artificial intelligence in automation processes. The influence of modern mega-trends on the global labor market is substantiated and the areas that are most affected by robotics are identified. The directions of modernization of the education system at the national level are proposed in order to ensure the competitiveness of the labor force and its rapid adaptation to changes in demand and supply in the labor market. It is a question of reorganizing the primary education system with the mandatory introduction of IT-disciplines into curricula, supporting initiatives to promote courses Coursera, Edx, Udemy, Udasity and other providers, which would allow Ukrainian students to study on world programs, increase the number of educational institutions according to the vocational and technical direction, the introduction of active retraining systems at work. An increase in state funding for research on artificial intelligence, the use of new combinations of public-private and academic cooperation, and the provision of various types of fiscal incentives to support technological start-ups, which are designed to improve production processes, are seen as needed. A digital education and cooperation with European universities in the field of artificial intelligence for a better exchange of work, informing young people and the academic community about the educational initiatives of technology companies, organizing summer schools for the study of IT technologies and the participation of our students and students in such projects for the border. It would be desirable to create specialized institutes and departments of artificial intelligence, robotics and machine science, which would closely cooperate with schools and private techno-architects, inviting to cooperation specialists who have experience in the IT industry, in the role of mentors, to help students in choosing interesting topics for educational projects, the introduction of scholarships for gifted youth and teachers engaged in research in the field of artificial intelligence.
Key words: artificial intelligence, occupations retired, density of robotics, class of unnecessary people, atlas of professions.
1. Smith, B., Shum, H. (2018). The Future Computed Artificial Intelligence and its role in society. Published by Microsoft Corporation Redmond, Washington. U.S.A.
2. Muliavka V. (2016) Novi tekhnolohii i hlobalna nerivnist [New technologies and global inequality]. SPILNE: zhurnal sotsialnoi krytyky. Access mode: https://commons.com.ua/uk/novi-tehnologiyi-i-globalnanerivnist/ [in Ukrainian].
3. Novak I. (2017) Stratehiia zainiatosti dlia Ukrainy: yakymy maiut buty oriientyry? [Employment strategy for Ukraine: what should the benchmarks be?]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia: mizhnarodnyi hromadskyi tyzhnevyk. Access mode: https://dt.ua/macrolevel/strategiya-zaynyatosti-dlya-ukrayini-yakimi-mayut-butioriyentiri-260541_.html [in Ukrainian].
4. Brignolpson, Е., McAfee, А. (2016). Druha epokha mashyn [Second era of cars]. K. Fund [in Ukrainian].
5. Ford, M. (2016). Pryshestia robotiv. Tekhnika i zahroza maibutnoho bezrobittia [The advent of robots. Technique and the threat of future unemployment]. Pereklad z anhliiskoi V. Horbatka. Kyiv: Nash format [in Ukrainian].
6. Future of work and skills. 2nd Meeting of the G20 Employment Working Group (15–17 February 2017). Hamburg, Germany: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
7. A future that works: automation, employment, and productivity. Executive summary (2017). McKinsey & Company.
8. Hawksworth, J., Berriman R. (2018). Will robots really steal our jobs? An international analysis of the potential long term impact of automation. Pricewater house Coopers LLP.
9. Robotic Industries Association (RIA) (2018). https://www.automationworld.com/company/roboticindustries-association-ria. 10. Global Robotics Market 2018-2022. Report (2018). TechNavio.
11. Kytai stav naibilshym u sviti spozhyvachem promyslovykh robotiv [China has become the world’s largest consumer of industrial robots]. Asotsiatsiia ukrainsko-kytaiskoho spivrobitnytstva. http://aucc.org.ua/ uk/kitay-stav-naybilshim-u-sviti-spozhivachem-promislovih-robotiv/ [in Ukrainian].
12. The Future of Jobs Report 2018. Centre for the New Economy and Society (2018). Geneva: World Economic Forum.
13. Why India ranks among the top 3 countries in AI skills (2018). https://www.livemint.com/AI/ u8hvUi7qObOLP7Shq4rB1M/Why-India-ranks-among-the-top-3-countries-in-AI-skills.html.
14. Tryvozhne maibutnie: biokhakery, kosmichni hidy ta klas «nepotribnykh» [An alarming future: biohackers, space guides and a «unnecessary» class] (2017). https://www.volynnews.com/news/society/ tryvozhne-maybutnye-biokhakery-kosmichni-hidy-ta-klas-nepotribnykh/ [in Ukrainian].
15. Robots will destroy our jobs – and we’re not ready for IT (2017). Guardian News and Media Limited. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jan/11/robots-jobs-employees-artificialintelligence.
16. Kahn J. (2017). Sky-High Salaries Are the Weapons in the AI Talent War. Bloomberg Businessweek. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-02-13/in-the-war-for-ai-talent-sky-high-salariesare-the-weapons
17. McAfee, A., Brynjolfsson, E. (2017). Machine, Platform, Crowd: Harnessing Our Digital Future. Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company; 1 edition.
18. Druha IT-stolytsia svitu. Yak Izrail stav odnym iz naibilshykh tekhnolohichnykh tsentriv planet [The second IT capital of the world. How Israel became one of the largest technological centers of the planet] (2018). https://expres.online/archive/news/2018/01/19/280984-druga-it-stolycya-svitu-izrayil-stav-odnymnaybilshyh-tehnologichnyh-centriv [in Ukrainian].

» pdf