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№2 (36) 2019

Demography and social economy, 2019, 2(36):137-151
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2019.02.137
UDC 332.8, 365, 728

V.S. Zaiats
PhD in Economics, Senior Researcher
Ptoukha Institute for Demography
and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: zayac@idss.org.ua
ORCID 0000-0001-5757-9613

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The modern tendencies of developing housing construction of Ukraine in the conditions of significant influence of systemic socio-economic disadvantages and instability factors are investigated. The low effectiveness of financial and credit mechanisms necessary for solving residential problems of the population and the lack of activity of state structures in the field of new construction and modernization of an outdated housing stock are identified. It is established that the need for affordable housing remains rather high in the country due to unsatisfactory living conditions of the population, low standards of housing supply and quality of residential premises. The housing problem in Ukraine has not been resolved for many years, high social expectations for this are due to the need to upgrade the housing stock. Despite the growing dynamics of certain indicators of housing supply, Ukraine still has a significantly higher level of overpopulation of residential premises compared to EU countries. It is determined that instability of the macroeconomic situation in the country, significant debt obligations to European partners restrain the development of the real estate market and the modernization of outdated housing. However, modern housing construction is developing due to the combination of different technologies, growth of interest of investors in new construction. In connection with this, the specifics of modern technologies for the construction of high-rise buildings (brick, panel, monolithic-frame, monolithic and prefabricated monolithic-frame) are investigated as the factor for the formation of housing conditions of the population, their advantages and disadvantages in terms of the main technical and cost characteristics, and also reasonable areas of application. Ranking of modern technologies of housing construction is carried out at the cost of materials and the prospects of their application are determined. The main indicators characterizing the directions of development of housing construction, as well as the separate price parameters of housing and the level of maintenance of the population of the country are carried out. The European experience of housing construction and possible sources of stimulation of its development are summarized and systematized. The changes in the real estate market of Ukraine in recent years are identified, first of all in the segment of primary real estate, in particular, the growth of the average residential space and the total area of new multi-storey buildings, increased interest of investors in the construction of new residential complexes. It is established that the highest rates of commissioning of residential real estate are maintained in Kyiv and Kyiv region, cities of Odessa and Lviv. The problems of energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of construction in the context of possibilities of improvement of living conditions of the population are considered, directions and ways of their solution are determined.
Key words: housing construction, housing conditions, population, construction technologies, energy efficiency
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