ua ru en

3 (34) 2018

Demography and social economy, 2018, 3(34):26-38
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2018.03.026
UDC 314.3

L.I. Slyusar
PhD, Leading scientific worker
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, yiv, blvd Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: L.Slyusar@bigmir.net

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The article is devoted to the common features and peculiarities of non-marital births in Ukraine and in other European countries, where there were significant changes in the structure of fertility by the marital status of the mother. It primarily manifested in the increasing proportion of children born out of marriage. A comparative analysis of the characteristics of non-marital births in Ukraine and the post-socialist European countries, which are our closest neighbors, and other European countries on the example of Spain, France, and Sweden, has shown that the change in the structural characteristics of non-marital births (by mothers age, order birth) in our country follows European tendencies. At the same time, Ukraine has certain peculiarities due to earlier marriage and the earlier birth of children by married Ukrainian women, and this affects the marital characteristics (first of all, marriage structure of mothers) of the fertility of different age female groups. The problem of early (under 18) births (in most cases non-marital) which accompanied by significant risks both for young mother and her child, is not fully resolved, and this indicates very low level of culture of sexual behavior and lack of knowledge about the use of contraception by teenage girls. The non-marital birth rate in Ukraine is lower than in most European countries. This is due to both the historically formed sociocultural characteristics of the population, traditions, its demographic history (for many years the tradition of family behavior opposed the values which were actively imposed by the communist ideology) and the current level of material support of the population, the lack of economic independence and personal security, as well as the tradition of family practices and gender roles in parenting (care and upbringing of children is considered as responsibility of woman only). In the conditions of economic insecurity of the individual and the non-proliferation of the principles of responsible parenting, the mother and the child need the support of institutions authorized by the state, which is legally formal marriage.
Key words: fertility, marital and non-marital births, children, marriage, cohabitation.
1. Perelli-Harris, B. (2008). Ukraine: On the border between old and new in uncertain times. Demographic Research, 19, 1145-1178. - doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.29
2. AkPiskunov, V.P. (1970). Pro pozashliubnu narodzhuvanist na Ukraini v 1945-1967 rr. [On non-marital fertility in Ukraine in 1945-1967]. Demohrafichni doslidzhennia - Demographic research, 1, 119-136 [in Ukrainian].
3. Demohrafichna kryza v Ukrayini. Problemy doslidzhennya, vytoky, skladovi, napryamy protydiyi [The demographic crisis in Ukraine. Problems studies the origins, ingredients, directions counter] (2001). Kyiv: Institute of Economy NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
4. Narodzhuvanist v Ukraini u konteksti suspilno-transformatsiinykh protsesiv [Population of Ukraine: birthrate in Ukraine in the context of social and transformational processes] (2008). Kyiv: ADEFUkraina [in Ukrainian].
5. Molod ta molodizhna polityka v Ukraini: sotsialno-demohrafichnyi aspekt [Young People and Youth Policy in Ukraine: socio-demographic aspects] (2010). Kyiv: IDSD im. M.V. Ptoukhy NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
6. Lesthaeghe, R. & Neels, K. (2002). From the First to the Second Demographic Transition: An Interpretation of the Spatial Continuity of Demographic Innovation in France, Belgium and Switzerland - Interface Demography. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Brussels. Belgium. sdt.psc.isr.umich.edu. Retrieved from https://sdt.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/online/ejp2002.pdf.
7. Lesthaeghe, R. (1991). The Second Demographic Transition in Western Countries: an interpretation. Vrije Universiteit, Brussel. researchgate.net. Retrieved from https://www. researchgate.net/profile/ Ron_Lesthaeghe2/publication/257928736.
8. Frejka. T., & Zakharov. S. (2014). Evoliutsyia rozhdReher, D.S. (1998). Family ties in Western Europe: persistent contrasts. Population and Development Review, 24(2), 203-234.
9. KuKhainal, D. (1979). Evropeiskyi typ brachnosty v retrospektyve [European type of marriage in retrospect]. Marriage, fertility, family for three centuries. A.H. Vyshnevskyi, Y.S. Kon (Ed.); Moscow [in Russian].
10. Slyusar, L.I. (2013). Modernizatsiia shliubu i simi v Ukraini: osoblyvosti radianskoho periodu [Modernization of Family and Marriage in Ukraine: Features of the Soviet Period]. Demohrafiya ta sotsialna ekonomika - Demography and social economy, 1(19), 17-27. Retrieved from http://dse.org.ua/ arhcive/19/2.pdf / [in Ukrainian]..
11. Macura, M., MacDonald, A.L. & Haug, W. (Eds.). (2005). The New Demographic Regime. Population Challenges and Policy Responses. UN. New York. Geneva.
12. Inglehart, R. & Welzel, K. (2011). Modernyzatsyia, kulturne yzmenenyia y demokratyia. Posledovatelnost chelovecheskoho razvytyia [Modernization, cultural change and democracy. Human development sequence]. Moscow : Novoe yzdatelstvo [in Russian]
13. Mezhdunarodnoe obsledovanye rozhdaemosty y semy [International Birth and Family Survey]. (2003). Demoskop Weekly, 97-98. demoscope.ru. Retrieved from http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2003/097/ s_map.php#1 [in Russian].
14. Arkhanhelskyi, V.N. (2006). Faktory rozhdaemosty [Fertility factors]. Moscow : TEYS. [in Russian].
15. Balakirieva, O.M., Bondar, T.V. & Pavlova, D.V.et al. (2014). Pokaznyky ta sotsialnyi kontekst formuvannia zdorovia pidlitkiv [Indicators and social context for the formation of teenage health]. Kyiv: UNICEF, Ukr. in-t sots. doslidzh. im. O. Iaremenka [in Ukrainian].

» pdf