ua ru en

2 (33) 2018

Demography and social economy, 2018, 2(33):11-26
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2018.02.011
UDC 331.556.4(477)

Academician of NAS of Ukraine, Dr. Sc. (Economics), Prof., director
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd, 60
E-mail: libanova@ukr.net

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The role of external migration in the modern and future development of Ukraine is defined. Its main components are considered, differing in the duration of their stay abroad, the composition of participants, the impact on the overall social and economic situation in the country and the life of migrant families. The short agrarian migration, short non agrarian migration, long migration, brain drain, educational migration and going to a permanent place of residence are highlighted, their effects are characterized from position of Ukrainian economy and migrants household. The scale and texture of migratory flows in the countries of destination is clarified. The author highlights various estimates of the scale of migration and explains the reasons for these differences, she leads calculations of migration mobility of difference groups of Ukrainian population. It is shown that external migrations in modern Ukraine perform the functions of social elevators, and declaring intentions of leaving the country has become a mode of behavior. The reasons of international migration are studied and the authors conclusion follows: the main factor is differences between wage in Ukraine and potential remuneration in the country of destination, but the important role plays mentality. This thesis author illustrates by examples of Poland and Hungary: Poland is leader of Eastern European countries according to reforms, the economic growth, living standards and simultaneously polish population emigration rate; Hungary economy remains poorly reformed, the economic growth is low, but migration mobility is poor. Due to traditional high mobility of Ukrainians the idea stopping of external migration solely through the growth of wages is unreasonable. The possibilities of state influence on the migration behavior of the population are outlined and the most effective actions, from the point of view of the author, are highlighted.
Key words: external migration, migration behavior, reasons for leaving, consequences of external migration.
1. Nastroi sered ukraintsiv-zarobitchan [The mood among the Ukrainian-workers]. (2017). Sociological group RATING. ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ukraine/ nastroeniya_sredi_ukraincev-zarobitchan.html [in Ukrainian].
2. Krovotechenie. Pochemu ukraincy pokidajut svoju stranu [Bleeding. Why do Ukrainians leave their country?]. (n.d.). Dzerkalo tyzhnia - Mirror of the week. zn.ua. Retrieved from https://zn.ua/project/ emigration [in Russian].
3. Dynamika mihratsiinykh nastroiv ukraintsiv [Dynamics of migratory sentiment of Ukrainians]. (2017). Sociological group RATING. ratinggroup.ua. Retrieved from http://ratinggroup.ua/research/ ukraine/dinamika_migracionnyh_nastroeniy_ukraincev.html [in Ukrainian].
4. Mihratsiini nastroi naselennia Ukrainy u kvitni 2018 roku [Migration attitudes of the population of Ukraine in April 2018]. (2018). Kyiv International Institute of Sociology. kiis.com.ua. Retrieved from http://kiis.com.ua/?lang=ukr&cat=reports&id=765&page=1 [in Ukrainian].
5. Zovnishnya trudova mihratsiya naselennya Ukrayiny (za rezultatamy modulnoho vybirkovoho obstezhennya) [ External labor migration of the population of Ukraine (based on the results of a modular sample survey).] (2017). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/kat_u/2017/bl_ztmz-2017.zip [in Ukrainian].
6. Libanova, E., Cymbal, O., Yarosh, O., & Lisogor L. (2016). Perekhid na rynok pratsi molodi Ukrainy: rezultaty mizhnarodnoho doslidzhennia School-to-work transition surveys v Ukraini u 2013 ta 2015 rokakh [The transition to the labor market of Ukrainian youth: the results of the international study School-to-work transition surveys in Ukraine in 2013 and 2015]. International Labor Office. idss.org. ua. Retrieved from http://www.idss.org.ua/monografii/2016_Zvit_rynok_pratsi.pdf [in Ukrainian].
7. Spryiatlyve seredovyshche dlia stalykh pidpryiemstv v Ukraini [Favorable environment for sustainable enterprises in Ukraine]. (2017). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
8. Profitsyt platizhnoho balansu Ukrainy istotno zris u 2017 rotsi : pres-reliz [The balance of payments of Ukraine increased significantly in 2017: a press release]. (2018). National Bank of Ukraine. bank.gov. ua. Retrieved from https://bank.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=63075631&cat_id=55838 [in Ukrainian].
9. Stadnyi, E. (2017). Ukrainski studenty za kordonom: fakty ta stereotypy [Ukrainian Students Abroad: Facts and Stereotypes]. cedos.org.ua. Retrieved from https://cedos.org.ua/uk/jsvita/ukrainski-studentyza- kordonom-fakty-ta-stereotypy [in Ukrainian].
10. Zagaikalo, . (2015). Osvita v Polshchi yak shliakh v emihratsiiu? [Education in Poland as a way to emigration?]. Dzerkalo tyzhnia - Mirror of the week. dt.ua. Retrieved from https://dt.ua/EDUCATION/ osvita-v-polschi-yak-shlyah-v-emigraciyu-_.html [in Ukrainian].
11. Chmielewska, I., Dobroczek, G., & Puzynkiewicz, J. (2017). A new wave of Ukrainian migration to Poland. Central European Financial Observer.eu financialobserver.eu. Retrieved from https:// financialobserver.eu/poland/a-new-wave-of-ukrainian-migration-to-poland [in English].

» pdf