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1 (32) 2018

Demography and social economy, 2018, 1(32):126-139
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2018.01.126
: 365, 330.59(477)

L.M. Cherenko
PhD (Economics), Head of Sector
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: cherenko@ukr.net

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: A feature of Ukraine, as well as other countries with the Soviet past, is the continuing unsatisfactory living conditions of the population, first of all, due to low standards of living space and unsatisfactory quality of residential premises. Despite the positive dynamics of the average residential space and number of rooms and housing equipment as basic amenities, Ukraine has considerably higher levels of overcrowding in residential areas, especially when it comes to families with two or more children. There is a steady increase in the level of comfort of dwellings, but the dynamics of housing equipment with basic amenities is extremely slow, which if preserved should not be expected to undergo significant changes in the short term. At the same time, Ukrainians are very positive about their housing conditions, even in the years of the greatest aggravation of crisis phenomena there is a steady increase in the share of those satisfied with their homes. Such subjective assessments may indicate both a significant stratification of living conditions and distorted perceptions of normal housing standards. The question arises as to how actively the population is determined to make changes on its own, to what extent todays state policy should influence these processes and what policy priorities should be. This article aims to consider living standards in the context of satisfactory living conditions for the population and the desire to improve them. The extent of the development of housing conditions is explained by objective restrictions at the household level, primarily financial, and as far as the subjective understanding of basic needs, depends on the speed of changes in quantitative and qualitative parameters of residential premises and territories that are directly related to comfortable living conditions. And this is what today should determine the priority areas of housing policy in Ukraine.
Key words: housing conditions, standards of living conditions, overpopulation of housing, basic conveniences, housing comfort, priority directions of housing policy.
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