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3 (31) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 3(31):174-185
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.03.174
UDC 316.42:643/645
JEL CLASSIFICATION: 31

A.G. Reut

Junior Research
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: Reut_A@ukr.net

EVOLUTION OF HOUSING CONDITIONS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL CHANGES
Section: RESEARCHS OF YOUNG SCIENTISTS
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The article explores the interrelation between social processes and housing conditions, as one of the components of the level and quality of life of the population. It has been revealed that among the whole variety of social interactions, only those in which the transformation of a persons worldview takes place and their needs are modified (first and foremost, the basic needs, which also include housing) are a decisive factor in the development of housing and living conditions. Gradual complication of common forms, technologies of construction, zoning of premises, decoration of amenities, internal and external arrangement of houses and adjoining territory, transformed the concept of living conditions. Today, housing conditions are perceived not as separate quantitative - qualitative characteristics of the living space, but as a set of elements (individual dwelling, adjoining territory, residential quarter, district, settlement), helping a person to realize their social essence. The transformation of quantitative and qualitative characteristics of housing, formation of standards of living conditions under the influence of such fundamental social processes as socialization, structural changes in social groups, mobility, as well as one of the most significant in the life of a modern society urbanization have been analyzed. It was found that all social processes selected for research had a significant impact on the formation of various aspects of living conditions, but in different periods of human development the importance of their influence varied. Selected for research, social processes were divided into three main groups on the degree of impact on the formation of modern standards of housing. In the course of the study it was revealed that stratification, social mobility and urbanization have a significant impact on the formation of modern standards of housing conditions and their further development. It was proposed to take into account the social processes in the country as a measure of social development by ensuring decent living conditions for the population within the framework of solving the housing problem in Ukraine and building an effective state housing policy.
Key words: housing, housing conditions, social processes, socialization, stratification, social mobility, structural changes in the social group, urbanization.
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