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3 (31) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 3(31):162-173
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.03.162
UDC 331.5

O.A. Grishnova
ScD (Economics), Professor at the Department of Enterprise Economics
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
03022, Ukraine, Kyiv, Str. Vasylkivska, 90A
E-mail: grishnova@ukr.net

O.P. Risnyy
Lviv City Employment Center
79060, Ukraine, Lviv, Str. Kn. Olhy, 122
E-mail: oleh.risny@gmail.com

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The article is devoted to a comparative assessment of the conditions of development of labor markets in European countries and Ukraine, analysis of the experience of Eastern European countries, in particular Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia and Romania in the process of integration into the European labor market, study of possible challenges and consequences of this process as a preconditions for ensuring readiness of Ukrainian institutions for the necessary transformations. The peculiarities of the integration of the labor markets of the Eastern European countries into the pan-European market are highlighted, the assessment of the threats that arise with it, the prospects of the mentioned process for Ukraine are determined. The research showed that the labor market conditions in Ukraine are not only much worse than in the EU countries, but they also change in a negative direction, unlike European countries. Contradictions in the development of the Ukrainian labor market impede its effective European integration. At the same time, needed transformations in the labor market coincide with the measures necessary for the European integration of the Ukrainian economy. The analysis showed that in countries joining the pan-European labor market, the demand for labor is increasing, wages are rising, the number of employees is not decreasing, the unemployment rate is falling.
Effective European integration of Ukraine requires a strategy of readiness for European integration challenges, finding ways to overcome the expected problems associated with them, forms and methods of using new opportunities. This strategy should include identifying the most demanded occupations for the national economy in the short and long term, organizing effective vocational guidance and training in these areas, introducing mechanisms for motivation in the domestic market, reviewing approaches to social security payments, tax payrolls, wage legalization tools, attraction of labor migrants from abroad, etc. A thorough study of the trends in the article will facilitate the preparation of such a strategy in the shortest possible time.
Key words: labor market, open labor markets, employment, unemployment, social policy, incomes, labor income, average wages.
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