ua ru en

2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):47-60
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.047

B.. Krimer
Ph.D (Economics), Senior Researcher,
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: b.krimer.demostudy@gmail.com

Language: Russian
Abstract: The aim of the article is to investigate the ways of development of family policy in the post-Soviet countries - Belarus and Estonia. These two countries are characterized by close demographic development, close problems, and the common historical past of the social policy system. In both countries a relatively high fertility in recent years
In Estonia and Belarus, a family-friendly state has been declared, but different approaches are prevalent. In Belarus, a tangible emphasis is placed on material support in the early stages of parenting, and Estonian family policy is focused on parents support in their self-realization. The approach of Estonia is more in line with modern demographic trends and behavioral frameworks, besides material support, also supporting working parents, ensuring gender equality, improving parents knowledge and skills.
Changes in fertility rates reflect the introduction of family policy tools in Estonia, Belarus and Ukraine, but the changes are associated with changes in the birth calendar, which ultimately does not have a significant effect on the cohort fertility.
Key words: family policy, fertility, development, Eastern Europe.
1. Lai, A. (2015). Towards Effective Child Protection systems. European Commission. ec.europa.eu. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/justice/fundamental-rights/files/rights_child/9th_a_lai.Pdf [in English].
2. Principles and Actions of Estonian Population Policy 20092013. (n.d.). monitoringris.org. Retrieved from http://www.monitoringris.org/documents/imp_nat/Main_principles_of_population_policy.pdf [in English].
3. Programma razvitija detej i semej na period 2012-2020 [Program for the development of children and families for the period 2012-2020]. (2011). Ministry of Social Affairs of Estonia. sm.ee. Retrieved from https://www.sm.ee/sites/default/files/content-editors/Ministeerium_kontaktid/ Valjaanded/lpa_rus.pdf [in Russian].
4. Gosudarstvennaja programa Zdorove naroda i demograficheskaja bezopasnost Respubliki Belarus na 2016-2020 gody [The State Program Peoples Health and Demographic Security of the Republic of Belarus for 2016-2020]. (2015). Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, 2015. polessu.by. Retrieved from http://www.polessu.by/sites/default/files/files/13-ovrm/57-programma.PDF [in Russian].
5. Frejka, T., & Gietel-Basten, S. (2016). Fertility and Family Policies in Central and Eastern Europe after 1990. Comparative Population Studies, Vol 41, 1, 3-56. [in English].
6. Lohmann, H., Peter, F.H., Rostgaard, T., & Spiess, K. (2009). Towards a framework for assessing family policies in the EU. OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper, 88 [in English]. https://doi.org/10.1787/223883627348
7. Shahotko, L. (2015). Slozhnoe demograficheskoe budushhee Belarusi [The difficult demographic future of Belarus]. Demoskop Weekly - Demoskop Weekly, 649-650 [in Russian].
8. Semja v Respublike Belarus 2013. Statisticheskij sbornik. [Family in the Republic of Belarus 2013. Statistical Digest] (2013). National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus belstat.gov.by. Retrieved from http://www.belstat.gov.by/upload/iblock/909/90909178e25b36d72071773aad993055.zip [in Russian].
9. Osnovnye napravlenija gosudarstvennoj semejnoj politiki v Respublike Belarus [The main directions of the state family policy in the Republic of Belarus]. (2016). The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. ohchr.org. Retrieved from http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/ProtectionFamily/States/Belarus1.doc [in Russian].
10. Semejnye posobija [Family benefits]. (2017). The Department of Social Insurance. vana.sotsiaalkindlustusamet. ee. Retrieved from http://vana.sotsiaalkindlustusamet.ee/10823/ [in Russian]. 11. Razmery gosudarstvennyh posobij semijam, vospityvajushhim detej v 2017 godu [The amount of state benefits for families raising children in 2017]. (2017). Ministry of Labour and Social Protection Republic of Belarus. mintrud.gov.by. Retrieved from http://www.mintrud.gov.by/system/extensions/spaw/uploads/files/Razmery-posobij-2017-01-04-mes..pdf [in Russian].
12. Ob ispolzovanii sredstv semejnogo kapitala [About use of means of the family capital]. (2017). Ministry of Labour and Social Protection Republic of Belarus. mintrud.gov.by. Retrieved from http://www.mintrud.gov.by/system/extensions/spaw/uploads/files/Ob-ispolzovanii-sredstv-semejnogo-kapitala.pdf [in Russian].
13. Ukaz Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus ot 14.04.2000 185 O predostavlenii grazhdanam lgotnyih kreditov na stroitelstvo (rekonstruktsiyu) ili priobretenie zhilyih pomescheniy [Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus of 14.04.2000 185 On giving citizens preferential loans for construction (reconstruction) or purchase of residential premises]. (2000, 14 April). kvadroom.info. Retrieved from http://kvadroom.info/community/viewtopic.php?t=115 [in Russian]
14. Shhurko, T. (2014). Cemejnaja politika: mezhdu ideologiej i praktikoj [Family policy: between ideology and practice]. left.by. Retrieved from http://left.by/archives/1075 [in Russian].
15. Obrazovanie v Respublike Belarus [Education in the Republic of Belarus]. (2016). National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. belstat.gov.by. Retrieved from http://www.belstat.gov.by/upload/iblock/b9a/b9a5a8b91a4f0d50255d83e5daf3faf4.zip [in Russian].
16. Sosnovskaja, N. (2016). Semejnaja politika Respubliki Belarus: sociologicheskij analiz ocenki jefektivnosti [Family policy of the Republic of Belarus: a sociological analysis of the effectiveness evaluation]. Sociologicheskij almanah - Sociological Almanac, 7 [in Russian].
17. Krimer, B. (2013). Demographichni rezultaty zaprovadzhennia dopomogy pri narodzhenni dytyny [Demographic Result of Introduction of Maternity Grants]. Demohrafiia ta sotsialna ekonomika - Demography and social economy, 1(19), 37-46. [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2013.01.037
18. Zaharov, S. (2016). Skromnye demograficheskie rezultaty pronatalistskoj politiki v kontekste dolgovremennoj jevoljucii rozhdaemosti v Rossii [Modest Demographic Results of Pronatalist Politics in the Context of the Long-Term Evolution of Fertility in Russia]. Demograficheskoe obozrenie - Demographic Review, 4, 6-26 [in Russian].

» pdf