ua ru en

2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):29-46
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.029

I.O. Kurylo
Dr. Sc. (Economics), Prof.
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: iryna.kurilo2017@gmail.com

L.I. Slyusar
Ph.D. (Economics), Leading Scientific worker
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: L.Slyusar@bigmir.net

S.Yu. Aksyonova
PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: Svitlana_Aksyonova@yahoo.com

Language: Russian
Abstract: The article is devoted to the description of the common and distinctive features of fertility and family formation in Ukraine and Belarus on the basis of comparative analysis of marriage and family processes, fertility and reproduction of the mothers generation in these countries over the last fifteen years. The similarity of the modern model of marriage and family behavior of the population in Ukraine and Belarus is due to the territorial proximity, the comparable ethnic composition of the population, and the general Soviet scenario of family and marriage development throughout the twentieth century. While many of the traditional features of the family lifestyle (including a high level of nuptiality) have persisted at the beginning of this century, the age model of marriage is now changing in both countries: the share of early marriages is declining, and the average age of marriage is increasing. The most acute problem in Ukrainian and Belarusian families is the instability of marriage relations. However, the high divorce rate is associated with high registered marriage rate: in both countries officially registered marriage is the main form of marriage, although cohabitation (unregistered marriage) is becoming more widespread. The study period was marked by ageing motherhood and the increase of fertility and the mothers generation reproduction rates in both countries, but, in comparison with Ukraine, Belarus has higher indicators. At the same time, we identified a difference in the share of births out of wedlock, a certain asynchrony of dynamics of the fertility rates in Ukraine and Belarus, and cross-country variance in fertility rates and dynamic in different types of settlements. According to the study, the differences in fertility are more significant factor (in comparison with the mortality of women in the reproductive age) which determines the cross-country variance in the reproduction of the mothers generation.
Key words: comparative cross-country analysis, marriage, divorce, fertility, reproduction of the mothers generation.
1. Dyurkgeym, E. (1991). O razdelenii obschestvennogo truda. Metod sotsiologii [On the division of social labor. Method of sociology]. Moskow [in Russian].
2. Libanova, E. (Ed.). (2007). Smertnist naselennya Ukrayiny u trudoaktyvnomu vitsi [The mortality rate of labor force in Ukraine]. K. : In-t demohrafiyi ta sotsialnykh doslidzhen im. M.V. Ptukhy NAN Ukrayiny [in Ukrainian].
3. Lyubinets, O.V. (2012). Osoblyvosti ta porivnyalna kharakterystyka smertnosti naselennya vid osno- vnykh prychyn v Ukrayini ta Yevropi [Features and comparative characteristics of mortality from the major causes in Ukraine and Europe]. Ukrayina: zdorovya natsiyi - Ukraine: public health, 4 (24), 66-70 [in Ukrainian].
4. Slyusar, L.I. & Gagauz, O.E. (2011). Brachnost v Ukraine i Moldavii v usloviyah sotsialno-ekonomich- eskoy transformatsii: obschie tendentsii i natsionalnyie osobennosti [Marriage in Ukraine and Moldova in terms of socio-economic transformation: general trends and national features]. Revista de Filozofie, Sociologie Sociologie si Stiinte Politice, 3, 147-161 [in Russian].
5. Aksyonova, S.Y. & Gagauz, O.E. (2011). Rozhdaemost v Ukraine i Respublike Moldova [The birth rate in Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova]. In: Materialele conferintei Evolutia gandirii geografice si demografice in Republica Moldova, 41-49 [in Russian].
6. Pirozhkov, S. & Safarova, G. (2010). Ukraina i Rossiya v demograficheskom izmerenii [Ukraine and Russia in the demographic dimension]. Demoskop Weekly, 405, 406 [in Russian].
7. Revun, V.I. (2009). Demograficheskoe razvitie Belarusi, Rossii i Ukrainyi v usloviyah depopulyatsii [Demographic development of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine under conditions of depopulation]. Moskow : ISPI RAN [in Russian].
8. Grigoriev, P., Shkolnikov, V.M. & Andreev, E.M. et al. (2010). Mortality in Belarus, Lithuania, and Russia: divergence in recent trends and possible explanations. European Journal of Population, 26:3, 245-274 [in English]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10680-010-9210-1
9. Paladi, G.A., Shahotko, L.P. & Gagauz, O.E (Ed.). (2010). Osnovnyie vyizovyi demograficheskoy bezopasnosti: shodstva i razlichiya v Moldove i Belarusi [The main challenges of demographic safeness: similarities and differences in Moldova and Belarus]. Kishinev : Shtiintsa [in Russian].
10. Fertility and Family Policies in Central and Eastern Europe after 1990 (2016). Comparative Population Studies, 41, 1, 3-56 [in English].
11. Molodezh v Sodruzhestve Nezavisimyih Gosudarstv: statisticheskiy portret [Youth in the Commonwealth of Independent States: a statistical portrait] (2014). Statkomitet SNG: YuNFPA, 151 [in Russian].
12. Scherbakova, E. (2013). Demograficheskaya situatsiya v stranah SNG, 2012 g. [Demographic situation in the CIS countries, 2012]. Demoskop Weekly, 571-572 Retrieved from http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ 2013/0571/barometer571.pdf [in Russian].
13. Simya ta simeyni vidnosyny v Ukrayini: suchasnyy stan i tendentsiyi rozvytku [Family and family relations in Ukraine: current state and trends] (2009). Kyiv : TOV Osnova-Prynt [in Ukrainian].
14. Tsinnosti ukrayinskoyi molodi. Sotsiolohichne doslidzhennya stanovyshcha molodi Ukrayiny [The values of Ukrainian youth. Sociological study of the situation of youth in Ukraine] (2016). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

» pdf