1 (29) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 1(29):54-65
Doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.01.054

N.M. Levchuk
Dr. (Economics), Chief Researcher,
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: levchuk.nata@gmail.com

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The aim of the article is to explore health and life expectancy in Ukraine in the context of innovative employment. We analyzed the differences in self-rated health by work characteristics using data from World Value Survey 2011. We found that workers doing creative tasks reported having good health more often than those doing routine tasks. Healthy life expectancy for males and females at age 20 and over was calculated using Sullivans method, with years of life lived divided into healthy and unhealthy. The results indicate that women live longer but spend more years in a poor health compared to men. There is a large burden of ill-health among women: the proportion of years lived with poor health to total persons-years is 13,1 % for males and 20,7 % for females (at age 20 and over). Several indicators of mortality in working ages (20 to 64 years) are calculated based on data from State Statistics Service of Ukraine. They show a high toll of premature mortality in Ukraine: almost 40 % of 20-year-old men and 16 % of 20-year-old women in Ukraine die before they reach 65. Premature mortality causes a very high labor cost.
Key words: health, self-rated health, life expectancy, healthy life expectancy, premature mortality, innovative employment, nature of work.
1. Libanova, E.M. (Ed). (2008). Lyuds’kyy rozvytok v Ukrayini: innovatsiinyi vymir (2008) [Human development in Ukraine: Innovative demension]. K. : In-t demohrafiyi ta sotsial’nykh doslidzhen’ im. M.V. Ptukhy NAN Ukrayiny [in Ukrainian].
2. Geets, V., & Semynozhenko, V. (2006). Innovatsiini perspektyvy Ukrainy [Innovation Perspectives of Ukraine]. Kharkiv: Konstanta [in Ukrainian].
3. Lisogor, L.S. (2016). Formuvannia innovatsiinoi zainiatosti v umovakh modernisatsii ta transformatsii suspilnykh vidnosyn [Innovative employment under condiction of modernization economy and transformation of public relations]. Economika i organizatsiia upravlinnia - Economics and Organization Management, 3(23), 82-90. Vinnytsia, Donetsk National University [in Ukrainian].
4. Libanova, ., Levchuk, N., & Ryngach, N et al. (2007). Smertnist naselennia Ukrainy u trudoaktyvnomu vitsi [Mortality in working ages in Ukraine]. Kyiv: IDSS [in Ukrainian].
5. Ryngach, N. A. (2016). Economishecki ekvivalent poter vsledstvie prezhdevremennoi smertnosti v Ukraine [Economic equivalent of losses due to premature mortality in Ukraine]. Demohrafiia ta sotsialna ekonomika - Demography and social economy, 2, 39-49. – doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.02.039 [in Russian].
6. Andreev, E.M., McKee, M., & Shkolnikov, V.M. (2003). Health expectancy in the Russian Federation: a new perspective on the health divide in Europe. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 81, 778-788 [in English].
7. Kunst, A., Groenhof, F., & Mackenbach, J., and the EU Working Group on Socioeoconomic Inequalities in Health (1998). Mortality by occupational class among men 30–64 years in 11 European countries. Social Science and Medicine, 46, 1459-1476. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(98)00041-0
8. Mackenbach, J.. (2006). Health Inequalities: Europe in Profile. UK Presidency of the EU.
9. Marmot, M. (2005). Social determinants of health inequalities. Lancet, 365 (9464), 1099-1104.
10. Wilkinson, R.G., & Pickett, K.E. (2008). Income Inequality and Socioeconomic Gradients in Mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 98 (4), 699-704. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2007.109637
11. Andreev, E.M., Kharkova, T.L., & Shkolnikov, V.M. (2005). Izmeneniia smertnosti v Rosii v zavisimosti ot zaniatosti i kharactera truda [Changes in mortality by occupation in Russia]. Narodonaselenie, 3, 68-81 [in Russian].
12. Maksimova, T.M. (2005). Sotsialnyi gradient v formirovanii zdorovia naseleniia [Social gradient in public health]. Moscow [in Russian].
13. Tapilina, V.S. (2004). Sotsialno-economicheskii status I zdorovie naseleniia [Socio-economic status and health]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniia - Sociological studies, 3, 126-137 [in Russian].
14. Robine, J-M., Romieu, I., & Cambois, E. (1999). Health expectancy indicators. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 77 (2), 181-185 [in English].
15. Jagger, C., Cox, B., & Le Roy, S. (2006). Health Expectancy Calculation by the Sullivan Method. EHEMU Technical Report. Third Edition.
16. Manor, O., Matthews, S., & Power, C. (2001). Self-rated health and limiting longstanding illness: interrelationships with morbidity in early adulthood. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30, 600-607 [in English]. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/30.3.600
17. Idler, E. (2003). Discussion: gender differences in self-rated health, in mortality, and in the relationship between the two. Gerontologist, 43 (3), 372-375 [in English]. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/43.3.372

» pdf