¹3 (25) 2015 ð.

Demography and social economy, 2015, 3(25):21-42
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2015.03.002

Anatole Romaniuk
Adjunct Professor Department of Sociology, University of Alberta Edmonton, Canada
E-mail: anromaniuk@yahoo.ca

Oleksandr Gladun
Dr., Deputy Director for Science Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: gladun.ua@gmail.com

Demographic Trends in Ukraine: Past, Present, and Future
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Ukraine, during the first half of the twentieth century, underwent a series of man-made demographic catastrophes – World War I, the Bolshevik Revolution, the 1932/33 famine linked to land collectivization, the massive deportations and executions of Stalin’s Great Terror, and World War II. This article assembles estimates of the demographic impact of these deadly events. In their absence, it is estimated that Ukraine’s hypothetical population would have been 87 million on the eve of independence in 1991, instead of its actual 52 million. Pre-independence demographic losses were episodic and driven by external forces. By contrast, since independence in 1991, Ukraine has experienced a sustained demographic crisis of its own making. Ukraine’s population declined from 52 million in 1990 to 45 million by 2013. Fertility, while it has recovered from its lowest point, remains at a TFR of about 1.5 – far below replacement. Emigration, although the greatest hemorrhage of young people in the 1990s is over, is still of concern. The loss of Crimea and the unsettled state of affairs in Southeastern Ukraine give further cause for concern.
Key words: social catastrophes, demographic consequences of catastrophes, demographic trends, demographic crisis.
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