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2 (16) 2011

Demography and social economy, 2011, 2(16):156-165
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2011.02.156

GARASHCHENKO T.M.

The reproductive losses as a consequence of still births in Ukraine: a demographic aspect
Section: RESEARCHES OF THE YOUNG SCIENTISTS
Language: Ukrainan
Abstract: The article deals with the level of stillbirths, as one of the factors for reproductive losses. The author considers the causes and nature of the influence of some socio-demographic and socio-economic factors and a number of biological conditions (such as congenital anomalies, infections, various chronic mothers diseases) on the stillbirth. The main trends in the level of stillbirths in Ukraine and its regions, its features, and medical and demographic consequences are given. It is demonstrated, that in 2010 the South region of Ukraine has the highest level of stillbirths in the country, which negatively affects on womens reproductive health, and hence on the level of fertility. The lowest stillbirth rate has North- Eastern region. Instead, stillbirth rate of Central and Western regions are less than the average level. Recommendations for reducing stillbirth are presented. Prevention of maternal losses due to stillbirths should be improvement of health services, prenatal and obstetric care, timely identification of problems in the woman or the fetus and psychological support to parents.
Key words: stillbirth, reproductive loss, fertility, reproductive health, factors of stillbirth.
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