Журнал "Демографія та соціальна економіка"

№1 (13) 2010

Demography and social economy, 2010, 1(13):72-80
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2010.01.072

Transformation of the Human Reproductive Behavior under the Influence of the Educational Factors
Section: Fertility in Ukraine in Breaking the XXI Century: Structural Features, Perspectives, New Social Challenges
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The reproductive behavior of the population undergoes substantial changes due to institutional transformation of the educational system that involves emergence of new system of values, increase in duration of education and educational expenditures both for parents and their children, decline in gender segregation level, and low flexibility of educational system itself. Decrease in birth rates is caused by dominant reproductive behavioral patterns that are developed by the educational system. In the article, the author demonstrates that negative demographic consequences of Ukrainian educational reforms include postponement of marriage and first birth, frequent renunciation of second birth, and rising rates of childlessness. In addition, main features of demographic oriented educational policy are determined and substantiated.
Key words: fertility, educational standard, reproductive behavior, institutional reconstruction of educational system, demographically oriented educational policy.
1. Kravdal O. (2001). The high fertility of college educated women in Norway: an artefact of the separate modelling of each parity transition. Demographic Research 5(6):187–216. Retrieved September 10, 2009 from www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol5/6/
2. Wright, R.E., Ermisch J.F. , Hinde P.R.A. and Joshi H. (1988). The third birth in Great Britain. Journal of Biosocial Science 20: 489–496.
3. Курило І.О. Соціально-економічна структура населення: еволюція, сучасність, трансформація : [Монографія] / Відповід. ред. В.С. Стешенко. – К.: Інститут демографії та соціальних досліджень НАН України, 2006. – 472 с.
4. Демографічна криза в Україні. Проблеми дослідження, витоки, складові напрями протидії / НАН України; Ін-т економ. / За ред. В. Стешенко. – К., 2001. – 560 с.
5. Caldwell, J. C. and Schindlmayr T. (2003). Explanations of the fertility crisis in modern societies: A search for commonalities. Population Studies 57:241–263.
6. Kasarda, J. D., Billy J.O., and West K. (1986). Status Enhancement and Fertility: Reproductive Responses to Social Mobility and Economic Opportunity. New York: Academic Press.
7. Axinn, W. and Barber, J. S. (2001). Mass education and fertility transition. American Sociological Review, 66 (4): 481–505.
8. Hoem, J.M., Neyer, G. R., Andersson, G. (2006). Education and childlessness: the relationship between educational field, educational level, and childlessness among Swedish women born in 1955–59. Demographic Research, 14 (15): 331–380.
9. Perelli-Harris, B. (2008-a). Ukraine: on the border between old and new in uncertain times. Demographic research, 19(29), 1145-1178. Retrieved March 17, 2009 from http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol19/29/
10. Статистичний щорічник України за 2007 рік / [за ред. О.Г. Осауленка]. – К. : Державний комітет статистики України, 2008. – 572 с.

» pdf