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3 (25) 2015 .

Demography and social economy, 2015, 3(25):43-63
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2015.03.003

O.P. Rudnytskyi
Researcher, Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: allaboris@voliacable.com

N.M. Levchuk
Dr. in Economics, Senior Researcher Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: levchuk.nata@gmail.com

O. Wolowyna
PhD in Demography Center for Slavic, Eurasian and E. European Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 935 White Cross Rd., Chapel Hill, NC 27516 USA
E-mail: olehw@aol.com

P. Shevchuk
PhD in Economics, Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: pavlo-shevchuk@ukr.net

A. Kovbasiuk
Chief Economist, Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: allaboris@voliacable.com

Demography f a Man-Made Human Catastrophe: the Case of Massive Famine in Ukraine 19321933
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS AND TRENDS
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Estimates of 19321934 famine direct losses (excess deaths) by age and sex and indirect losses (lost births) are calculated, for the first time, for rural and urban areas of Ukraine. Total losses are estimated at 4.5 million, with 3.9 million excess deaths and 0.6 million lost births. Rural and urban excess deaths are equivalent to 16.5 and 4.0 per cent of respective 1933 populations. About 90 % of all direct losses occurred in 1933, with most of them during the first half of that year. We show that urban and rural losses are the result of very different dynamics, as reflected in the respective urban and rural age structures of relative excess deaths, and in yearly losses per 1,000 population.
Although 1933 relative direct losses in rural areas were more than five times the number of relative urban direct losses, in 1934 relative losses in both rural and urban areas were of the same magnitude. This means that, although direct losses in 1934 were significantly lower than in 1933, relative to population size urban losses were as high as rural losses.
Key words: 193233 Ukraine famine, Holodomor, 193233 famine urban-rural losses, excess deaths, lost births.
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