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№3 (34) 2018

Demography and social economy, 2018, 3(34):114-123
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2018.03.114
UDC 332.5:100

Yu. Kogatko
PhD (Geography), Senior Researcher
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: kogatko@gmail.com

Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Approaches used in estimating income from land in different countries of the world are considered. The main problems that arise when calculating household incomes from agricultural activities, and which make it difficult to accurately assess, are identified. The main factors determining the price of land, as well as the possible revenues for its use, are shown. How the standards of crop production are used in different countries is analyzed, common and distinctive features are identified. It is determined that some countries in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region are estimating the probable agricultural income of households based on the approximation of land and livestock incomes. It is revealed that the cadastral approach to assessing land revenue, which is the most used in most countries of the world, is based on a combination of information on soil characteristics and their location, the way land is used in agriculture, latitudinal zonality and altitude zonality, the cost price and the price of grown produce. It is found that restrictions on the use of the cadastral approach include uneven incomes, price volatility, a large spread of sales prices and revenues from similar land plots on the market. It is determined that the rental approach is more often used in countries where the land lease market is developed, and there is no extreme differentiation with the lagging behind of some regions, and the calculation technique behind it is complex, as incomes are distributed over time and can vary significantly, the capitalization rate depends on the state economy, especially the financial system and legal regulation of the land market. It is shown that the application of a statistical approach based on the distribution of income from agriculture using microdata is possible instead. Proposals for the assessment of income from personal auxiliary farms are given. The expediency of introducing differentiation of incomes depending on the animals bred in the household is emphasized, as the population sometimes does not use the available land resources of the family
Key words: incomes of the population, approaches to estimation of incomes, personal rural household, cadastral approach to estimating income from the land, rental approach to estimating income from land, statistical approach to estimating income from land.
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