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1 (32) 2018

Demography and social economy, 2018, 1(32):140-152
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2018.01.140
: 365, 330.59(477)
JEL CLASSIFICATION: 38

V.A. Shlykova
PhD (Economics), researcher
Research Centre for Industrial Development Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
61166, prov. Inzhenernyi, 1a, Kharkiv, Ukraine
E-mail: v.shlykova@ukr.net

O.M. Levanda
postgraduate, lead engineer
Research Centre for Industrial Development Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
61166, prov. Inzhenernyi, 1a, Kharkiv, Ukraine
E-mail: levanda2008@rambler.ru

INCOME, FOOD CONDITIONS AND LIFE EXPECTANCY: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF UKRAINE AND EU COUNTRIES
Section: LEVEL OF LIFE AND EMPLOYMENT
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The goal of the article is to determine the relationship between such basic factors as income level, nutrition conditions and life expectancy in Ukraine and EU countries. On the basis of analysis of data for 2016 in 20 EU countries and Ukraine, it was found that among the countries studied, Ukraine has lowest level of these factors. The correlation and regression analysis confirmed the existence of close relationship and determined the type life expectancy dependence on gross national income per capita and food security index in the studied countries. It has also been established that Ukrainians are forced to spend most of their income on basic nutrition to ensure their livelihoods. Comparison of real consumption of main food groups with the recommendations of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and legally established norms showed that the average Ukrainian working age population consumes more rational standards in only three of the ten major groups of food products. For the rest of the main food products groups, actual consumption is less than rational standards, which indicates that the income level of the average Ukrainian diet corresponds to the standards of the basic social standard. Thus, the average income of the average consumer does not provide a full and efficient diet aimed at strengthening health and preventing disease. Legislative provisions regarding the basic factors that form the health of different groups of the population contain many contradictions and do not provide rational consumption norms, which in turn leads to the destruction of the middle class and the increase of the share of the population that is on the verge of poverty. The indicator average life expectancy at birth in Ukraine over the past 13 years has a tendency to increase, however, at a slow pace, and therefore remains low compared to the EU countries. The basic factors and the inconsistency of legislation impede the growth of the indicator of life expectancy of the population of Ukraine to the level of the EU countries. Modernization of the basic social standard in accordance with the rational norms recommended by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine is proposed and the necessity of providing the appropriate legal regulation is proved.
Key words: income, life expectancy, food conditions, rational norm, set of food products, food security index, standard of living, health, population groups.
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