-

ua ru en


3 (31) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 3(31):48-60
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.03.048
UDC 331.5.024.5
JEL CLASSIFICATION: O18, R23

T.A. Zaiats
Dr. Sc. (Economics), Prof., Head of Department
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: scap@online.ua

DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS OF UKRAINIAN CONDITIONS OF DECENTRALIZATION: OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS
Section: HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The unfolding of the processes of decentralization of the existing management system in Ukraine causes the emergence of new processes and phenomena in the social development of settlement structures as a result of strengthening subnational level of government, dramatic changes in the principles of organizing the life of rural communities and seeking new forms of implementing the main functions of local self-government at the local level, oriented towards self-organization and self-development of communities. Unfortunately, in Ukraine, socioeconomic development and resilience of rural settlements are largely dependent on their territorial proximity to economic and administrative centers (suburban settlements have undeniable advantages). In this regard, the definition of possible scenarios of social development of rural settlements of Ukraine of different populations in the conditions of decentralization of the current management system becomes a priority. In difficult socio-political and socio-economic conditions, the country is rapidly implementing a decentralization reform, accompanied by economic and social risks, possible negative effects for rural territorial communities, which are not properly informed about the ongoing reforms and are not, in fact, prepared for such radical changes in the established conditions for various objective and subjective reasons. As a result, social externalities often arise, which only complicate the conditions for running a rural business or worsen the living conditions of rural residents in general. Institutional traps on the development of rural settlements are determined. The extent to which rural communities can take advantage of decentralization to grow their participation in the development of settlements depends on the productivity of interaction and the search for compromise solutions between government agencies, representatives of rural agribusiness, local governments and members of local rural communities. The achievement of the balanced development of local and district rural settlement systems should be seen as a sphere of social responsibility of the regional and municipal authorities.
Key words: decentralization, rural settlements, social development, new opportunities.
References:
1. Danylyshyn, B.M. (2016). Detsentralizatsiya u krayinakh YeS: uroky dlya Ukrayiny [Decentralization in EU countries: lessons for Ukraine]. Rehionalna ekonomika - Regional Economy, 3, 5-11 [in Ukrainian].
2. Ostafiychuk, Ya.V. (2017). Rozvytok silskykh terytoriy v umovakh detsentralizatsiy i vlady v Ukrayini [Development of rural territories in conditions of decentralization of power in Ukraine]. Problemy rehionalistyky: mynule, suchasne, maybutnye - Problems of regionalism: past, present, future, 167-170. Kyiv. KNEU [in Ukrainian].
3. Borschevs’kyj, V.V., Prytula, Kh.M., & Krupin, V.Ye. (2012). Rozvytok silskykh terytorij v systemi evrointehratsijnykh priorytetiv Ukrainy [Development of rural territories in the system of eurointegration priorities of Ukraine]. Lviv: Instytut rehional’nykh doslidzhen’ NAN Ukrainy [in Ukrainian].
4. Malik, M.J., Kropyvko, M.F., & Bulavka, O.H. (2012). Sotsialno-ekonomichni zasady rozvytku silskykh terytorij (ekonomika, pidpryiemnytstvo, menedzhment) [Socio-economic principles of development of rural territories (economy, business, management)]. Kyiv: Instytutahrarnoiekonomiky [in Ukrainian].
5. Zaiats’, T.A., & Krayevs’ka, H.O. (2016). Ekonomichna osnova silskykh poselen ta perspektyvy yiyi zmitsnennya [The economic basis of rural settlements and the prospects for strengthening]. Ekonomika Ukrayiny - Economy of Ukraine, 9 (650), 70-82 [n Ukrainian].
6. Libanova, E.M., Horbulin, V.P. & Pyrozhkov, S.I. (2015). Polityka intehratsiyi ukrayins’koho suspil’stva v konteksti vyklykiv ta zahroz podiy na Donbasi [Policy of integration of Ukrainian society in the context of the challenges and threats of events in the Donbass]. Kyiv: NAN Ukrayiny [n Ukrainian].
7. Onovlena stratehiya zbalansovanoho rozvytku YeS [Updated strategy for balanced development of the EU]. (2016). Yevropeyska intehratsiya - European integration, 7, 35 [in Ukrainian].
8. Bazylyuk, A.V., & Zhulyn, O.V. (2015). Inklyuzyvne zrostannya yak osnova sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku [Inclusive growth as the basis for socio-economic development]. Ekonomika ta upravlinnya na transporti - Economy and management in transport, 1, 5-12 [n Ukrainian].
9. Marchenko, S. Na pidtrymku terytorialnykh hromad peredbacheno 15 mlrd. hryven [In support of local communities provide 15 billion. UAH]. (n.d.). radiosvoboda.org. Retrieved from http://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/28533708.html [n Ukrainian].
10. Kazyuk, Ya. Finansova detsentralizatsiya i byudzhety pershykh 159 obyednanykh hromad v detalyakh [Financial decentralization and budgets of the first 159 united communities in detail]. (n.d.). radiosvoboda.org. Retrieved from http://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/28533708.html. [in Ukrainian].
11. Ivanenko. I.A., & Shubina, O.O. (n.d.). Instytutsiyni pastky v krayinakh z perekhidnoyu ekonomikoyu [Institutional traps in countries with economies in transition] stattionline.org.ua. Retrieved from http://www.stattionline.org.ua/econom/60/8071 [in Ukrainian].
12. Top 100 latyfundystov Ukrayny [Top 100 latifundists of Ukraine]. (n.d.). latifundist.com. Retrieved from http://latifundist.com/rating/top100#136 [In Ukrainian].
13. Statystychnyj schorichnyk Ukrainy za 2015 rik [Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine for 2015]. (2016). The State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
14. Silske hospodarstvo Ukrayiny: stat.zb. [Agriculture of Ukraine: state.collection]. (2016). The State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
15. Sotsialno-ekonomichne stanovyshche silskykh naselenykh punktiv Ukrayiny [Socio-economic situation of rural settlements of Ukraine: stat. Collection]. (2014). The State Statistics Service of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
16. Kraevskaya, G.O. (2015). Zaynyatist v silskykh poselennyakh Ukrayiny: problemy ta napryamy yikh vyrishennya [Employment in rural settlements in Ukraine: problems and directions for their solution]. Demohrafiya ta sotsialna ekonomika - Demography and social economics, 3, 209-219. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2015.03.015 [in Ukrainian].
17. Serednomisyachna zarobitna plata za vydamy ekonomichnoyi diyalnosti za period z pochatku roku u 2015 r. [Average monthly wages by type of economic activity since the beginning of the year in 2015] (n.d.). ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from http:/www.ukrstat.gov.ua. [n Ukrainian].
18. Bulakh, T.M. (2012). Sotsialnyy rozvytok yak chynnyk podolannya depresyvnosti sela [Social development as a factor in overcoming the depression of the village]. Formuvannya rynkovykh vidnosyn v Ukrayini - Formation of market relations in Ukraine, 3 (130), 225-228 [in Ukrainian].

» pdf