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2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):102-111
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.102
364.043.4
JEL LASSIFICATION: J 38

O.V. Makarova
Member of the NAS of Ukraine, Dr. Sc. (Economy)
Deputy Director for Science
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Ukraine, 01032, Kyiv, Blvd. Taras Shevchenk, 60
E-mail: makarova_h@ukr.net

PRIORITIES FOR SOCIAL VULNERABILITY REDUCTION POLICY
Section: SOCIAL-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND LABOR
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: In the article, the essence of the term of social vulnerability is grounded in its modern understanding, while its relation to social risks is articulated. Characteristics of individual factors of social vulnerability are provided, including sex, age, education level, place of residence, and such factors of public character as social cohesion, quality of public administration, and efficiency of public institutions. Some global factors are outlined. The forms of social vulnerability are defined: poverty, social exclusion, discrimination. The groups of increased social vulnerability are revealed, while their position is evaluated against the background of general social-economic trends. The results of estimates of correlations between wages, sex and age are presented, as well as data supporting vulnerabilities of families with many children, elderly people, rural residents. Analysis of economic activity of the population of Ukraine is conducted to demonstrate that some numerous groups with unjustified low activity are present. Strategic priorities of social policy based on the principles of balancing the interests and responsibility are formed. Proactive measures of social vulnerability mitigation are proposed. The international experience of active social policy is summarized. A particular emphasis is made on the need to implement policies of social and economic inclusion towards people who depend on social benefits, as well as measures on poverty prevention.
Key words: social vulnerability, risks, social support, economic activity, social policy, effectiveness of social protection.
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