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2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):89-101
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.089
314.174 (477)
JEL LASSIFICATION: R23, J61

O.V. POZNIAK
PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, Blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: olex_poznyak@ukr.net

TRANSFORMATION OF POPULATION MIGRATION IN UKRAINE AFTER COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES
Language: English
Abstract: The article deals with transformations of migration processes that have been occurring in Ukraine after the collapse of the USSR. A periodization of the migration processes development in Ukraine since independence is presented. During the first years after Ukraine gained independence, migration processes were related mainly to returning of migrants including returning of victims of Soviet political repressions and the Soviet population redistribution policy. Accordingly Ukraine experienced a large migration growth of the population. Development of external labor migration flows took place in the middle of the 1990s. The reasons of labor migration development are illustrated. A distribution of Ukrainian migrants by country of their destination is specified. The leadership of the Russian Federation in terms of number of Ukrainian migrants in the 1990s is explained.
Dramatic events that took place in Ukraine in 20142016 made an impact on all aspects of social development in the country. Among others, Ukrainian migration situation has been changing permanently. The intensity of labor migration from Ukraine has been increasing. Reorientation of Ukrainians from Russia to the EU member states is noted. The reasons for these processes are presented in the paper. Resettlement of internally displaced persons in Ukraine is analyzed. The author proposes recommendations for improving the state migration policy of Ukraine in the current situation.
Key words: migration, labor migration, internally displaced persons (IDPs), periodization of migration processes development.
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