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2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):11-28
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.011
: 314.151.3–054.74:314.422.6 (477.75) «1944»
JEL CLASSIFICATION: J 11

.M. Gladun
Dr. Sc. (conomics), deputy director
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: gladun.ua@gmail.com

O.P. Rudnytskyi
Researcher
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
01032, Kyiv, T. Shevchenko Blvd., 60

N.V. Kulyk
Chief Economist
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
01032, Kyiv, T. Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: nataliyakylik@gmail.com

ESTIMATION OF DEMOGRAPHIC LOSSES OF CRIMEAN TATARS CAUSED BY THE 1944 DEPORTATION
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The deportation of the Crimean Tatars in May 1944 is one of the crimes of Stalinism, the demographic aspects of which have not been sufficiently studied. The information base used are the data of the All-Union population censuses of 1926, 1939 and 1959, state and department data of the vital and migration statistics, which are stored in various archives and scientific publications.
For estimation of the demographic losses of the Crimean Tatars caused by the 1944 deportation the methodology of demographic reconstruction and trend analysis is applied. The work consisted of the following stages: correction of the number of the population by the data of 1926, 1939, 1959 censuses; an estimation of the Crimean Tatars for the period of 19271959; an estimate of the number of deported Crimean Tatars; correction of the vital and migration statistics of the population; construction of real and hypothetical demographic balances of the Crimean Tatars for the 19271959; estimation of the demographic losses of the Crimean Tatars caused by deportation.
The direct losses (excess deaths) of the Crimean Tatars were defined as the difference between the actual number of deaths and their hypothetical number, which could have been if not for their forced relocation. As a result of the research it was established that excess mortality took place during the whole period of stay of the Crimean Tatars in special settlement (1944-1956). The excess deaths are estimated at 49.2 thousand people, which was 25.4 % of the population as of May 18, 1944.
The indirect losses (deficit of births) were calculated as the difference between the hypothetical and real number of births. Indirect losses occurred during 19441959, the deficit of births during this period is 80.3 thousand. Without deportation, the number of children born during this period would have been 62.1 % greater.
Key words: Crimean Tatars, deportation of 1944, demographic losses.
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