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1 (29) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 1(29):66-78
Doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.01.066
JEL CLASSIFICATION: G 61, N 30

M.M. Bil
PhD (Public Administration), Senior Researcher, Doctoral Student
State Institution «Institute of Regional Research named after M.I. Dolishniy of the NAS of Ukraine»
79000, Ukraine, Lviv, st. Kozelnicka, 4
E-mail: bmm1983@gmail.com

RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW OF SPATIAL MOBILITY OF POPULATION
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: A retrospective review of the prerequisites of formation of spatial mobility as one of the defining features of modern society is made. The basic practices of spatial mobility implementation in the context of the stages of human development, that reveal the nature of mobile transitions, are identified. They reflect the perception of spatial mobility as: a way of protection and security in the primitive society; lifestyle and search for the best living conditions during the period of hunting and gathering society; a way of development of new territories in the agricultural society; a way to search for the best working conditions in the period of technological changes and rapid population growth in the industrial society. Mobility is transformed into the right and tools of demographic and economic policy in the modern information society. The perception of mobility as a norm is expected in the future in technological and singular society. The scientific novelty of this study is the periodization of human development with the definition of mobile transitions.
The global growth trends in spatial mobility (external vector) are analyzed. The institutionalization of migration as a usual practice for modern society is proven by analysing the dynamics of the number of international migrants, refugees, students over the past 50 years. The existence of increasing number of societies, whose dominant share of population consists of immigrants, is found. Analysis of data on the share of migrants in total population confirms the growing demographic dependence of developed countries on the migration factor.
The results of long-term analysis of global processes for the implementation of spatial mobility allowed to conclude that humanity is now located in the plane of the risk of uncontrolled redistribution of global human resources. This situation forces the state migration policy to refocus from the usual migration regime practice to the organization of systematic monitoring and determination of limits of spatial mobility. This information will form the basis for the implementation of state migration policy to counteract migration losses.
Key words: spatial mobility, human development, mobile transitions, international migration, international tourism.
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