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2 (27) 2016

Demography and social economy, 2016, 2(27):62-75
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.02.0062

T.A. Zaiats
Dr. (conomics), Prof., Head of Department
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv-32, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: scap@online.ua

TRANSFORMATIONAL CHANGES OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS IN UKRAINE
Section: SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Actualization of researches of transformation changes in socio-economic development of rural settlements in Ukraine is conditioned by the necessity of providing their integrated, multifunctional development in the difficult conditions of social and political instability, intensifying of social problems and strengthening of economic limitations in relation to their successful decision. Rural territories and their settlements are influenced by complex and controversial process of reforming the economic base of their development, which increases uncertainty and social risks for the rural population in terms of economic activity, its profitability and obtaining population required level of labor income and therefore the level and quality of life. In this regard, the article reviews the main transformations in the rural settlement network, socio-economic basis of its operation and development in terms of the interests of the population, its capacity to achieve its employment potential in the community. It is proven that modern transformations in rural settlements do not correspond to European practice of activation potential of settlements, and most limitations are systematic. This involves forming a conceptually new public regional policy, focused on integrated development of rural settlements, reducing their differences in directions and forms of social and economic development of urban settlements. It is proved that the implementation experience of European countries, first of all East European, will give an opportunity to attain considerable successes on the way of creation of appropriate conditions for living and doing business in rural settlements.
Key words: transformation, rural settlements, economic basis, restrictions, employment potential.
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