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2 (27) 2016

Demography and social economy, 2016, 2(27):39-49
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.02.0039

N.A. Ryngach
Dr. of Sciences (Public Governance/Administration), Leading research fellow
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies
of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv-32, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: n_ryngach@idss.org.ua

ECONOMIC EQUIVALENT OF LOSSES DUE TO OF PREMATURE MORTALITY IN UKRAINE
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES
Language: Russian
Abstract: This paper means to make an assessment of the Years of Potential Life Lost (YPLL) due to premature mortality in Ukraine, with the conversion of the lost years into material equivalent. Taking into account the State Statistics Service of Ukraine data on deaths analysis by sex, age and cause and using macroeconomic indicators the author employs the potential demography method to calculate the absolute number of the years of potential life lost due to premature death. The study shows that the scope of potential years of life lost due to premature mortality was 3.031 million person-years in 2013. This may be compared with the loss of labor input at a working-age period in a city with a population of a hundred thousand people. The relative YPLL indicator (index) was 7895.34 per 1000 people under 65 years. A significant disproportion of the loss breakdown by sex (size and structure of losses), and by cause was discovered, with the leading role of exogenous causes established. In 2013 the GDP share lost due to premature mortality exceeded 12 billion USD (of which more than 10 billion USD - due to mortality at the age of 15-59 years). This comprises 6.7% of the nominal GDP. As the annual average income was selected as the material equivalent of one year of life, the value of the lost years of potential life amounted to 118.75 billion hryvnias. Practical application of evaluation techniques is substantiated.
Key words: premature mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, economic equivalent, person-years, Gross Domestic Product per capita.
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