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2 (22) 2014

Demography and social economy, 2014, 2(22):101-111
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2014.02.101

LIUDMILA SHAKHOTSKA
Prof., D-r of Sociological Sciences, Institute of Economic National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
ANASTACIA BOBROVA
The head of the social and labour affairs and demography sector, Institute of Economic National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS ON THE NUMBER OF BIRTHS AND DEATHS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS
Section: Demographic processes
Language: English
Abstract: It is believed that The National Demographic Security Program for 20112015 will be able to overcome the depopulation in Belarus. Effectiveness of its implementation is very important not only for demographic but also the national security of the country. To estimate the impact of demographic policy as part of the social-economic factors special methods are proposed. It also allows separating influence of structural factor. The main conclusions of the research are that structural factors have changed their focus and they are currently blocking the implementation of the Program. During the period of 20112013 structural factors had a negative impact both on the changes in the number of births and deaths in the country, while The National Demographic Security Program for 20112015 has been successful and most targets have been achieved already in 2013.
Key words: National Program of Demographic Security, socio-conomic, structural factors, fertility, mortality.
References:
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3. Nacional’nyj bank Respubliki Belarus’ [National Bank of Belarus]. http://www.nbrb.by/ [in Russian].
4. Social’noe polozhenie i uroven’ zhizni naselenija Respubliki Belarus’ [Social status and standard of living of the population of the Republic of Belarus]. (2014). Stat. sb. Belstat [in Russian].
5. Ukaz Prezidenta Respubliki Belarus’ ot 26 marta 2007 g. 135. Ob utverzhdenii Nacional’noj programmy demograficheskoj bezopasnosti Respubliki Belarus’ na 2007–2010 gody. [Presidential Decree of March 26, 2007 135. On approval of the National Programme of Demographic Security of the Republic of Belarus for 2007-2010]. (2007). Retrieved from http://laws.newsby.org/documents/ukazp/pos00/ukaz00927.htm [in Russian].
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7. Shahot’ko, L.P., Bobrova, A.G. (2013). Metodika ocenki vlijanija strukturnyh i social’no-jekonomicheskih faktorov na dinamiku chisla rodivshihsja i umershih [Methods of assessing the impact of structural and socio-economic factors on the dynamics of the number of births and deaths]. Minsk: Pravo i ekonomika [in Russian].

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