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2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):29-46
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.029
[314.5+314.3+314.186](476+477)
JEL CLASSIFICATION: J11, J12, J13

I.O. Kurylo
Dr. Sc. (Economics), Prof.
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: iryna.kurilo2017@gmail.com

L.I. Slyusar
Ph.D. (Economics), Leading Scientific worker
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: L.Slyusar@bigmir.net

S.Yu. Aksyonova
PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: Svitlana_Aksyonova@yahoo.com

MARRIAGE, FERTILITY AND REPRODUCTION OF THE MOTHERS GENERATION IN BELARUS AND UKRAINE: THE EXPERIENCE OF COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES
Language: Russian
Abstract: The article is devoted to the description of the common and distinctive features of fertility and family formation in Ukraine and Belarus on the basis of comparative analysis of marriage and family processes, fertility and reproduction of the mothers generation in these countries over the last fifteen years. The similarity of the modern model of marriage and family behavior of the population in Ukraine and Belarus is due to the territorial proximity, the comparable ethnic composition of the population, and the general Soviet scenario of family and marriage development throughout the twentieth century. While many of the traditional features of the family lifestyle (including a high level of nuptiality) have persisted at the beginning of this century, the age model of marriage is now changing in both countries: the share of early marriages is declining, and the average age of marriage is increasing. The most acute problem in Ukrainian and Belarusian families is the instability of marriage relations. However, the high divorce rate is associated with high registered marriage rate: in both countries officially registered marriage is the main form of marriage, although cohabitation (unregistered marriage) is becoming more widespread. The study period was marked by ageing motherhood and the increase of fertility and the mothers generation reproduction rates in both countries, but, in comparison with Ukraine, Belarus has higher indicators. At the same time, we identified a difference in the share of births out of wedlock, a certain asynchrony of dynamics of the fertility rates in Ukraine and Belarus, and cross-country variance in fertility rates and dynamic in different types of settlements. According to the study, the differences in fertility are more significant factor (in comparison with the mortality of women in the reproductive age) which determines the cross-country variance in the reproduction of the mothers generation.
Key words: comparative cross-country analysis, marriage, divorce, fertility, reproduction of the mothers generation.
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