-

ua ru en


2 (30) 2017

Demography and social economy, 2017, 2(30):191-201
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2017.02.191
365.48
JEL LASSIFICATION: I320

Yu.. Klymenko

graduatestudent, headeconomist
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, blvd.Taras Shevchenko, 60
-mail: yuliia_klymenko@ukr.net

EVLUATION OF OVERCROWDING RATE IN UKRAINE: COMPARISON WITH THE COUNTRIES OF THE EU
Section: RESEARCHS OF YOUNG SCIENTISTS
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The paper deals with the problem of overcrowding, one of the most significant housing problems, especially for low-income populations and for developing countries. Any definition of living conditions should cover a number of factors. Often, when describing the housing conditions the following main aspects are covered: living space, safety, comfort, accessibility. Housing conditions are considered poor if they can not provide adequate coexistence of all inhabitants. Over the last decade it has been found that overcrowded housing greatly affects the quality of life of its inhabitants. This leads not only to physical discomfort, but also to social and psychological problems. The reason for the prevalence of overcrowding in housing is the inability of most people to buy own homes of appropriate quality. There are a number of measurements that researchers use for objective quantitative assessment of the degree of overcrowding in housing. The most common is the world measure using indicators PPR, PPB and USFPP. This paper analyzes the degree of housing overcrowding in Ukraine using the indicators PPR and USFPP. The present paper focuses on analyzing the housing overcrowding rate in Ukraine by EU methodology (EU SILC). In many countries of Central and Eastern Europe the overcrowding rate is over 40%. The article gives a detailed analysis of the quantitative characteristics of sufficient living space, analyzes the differentiation of the population in terms of overcrowding in housing in terms of area of residence, calculates the number of households living conditions which meet the standard required living space. This paper focuses on comparison of overcrowding of housing in Ukraine and the EU.
Key words: housing conditions, overcrowded housing, overcrowding rate.
References:
1. Kovalevs’ka, O.P. (2011). Zhytlovi umovy naselennya v systemi kharakterystyk yakosti zhyttya [Housing conditions of the population in the system of quality of life characteristics] Derzhavne upravlinnya: udoskonalennya ta rozvytok - Public administration: improvement and development, 3 [in Ukrainian].
2. Jacobs, K., Arthurson, K., Hulse, K., & Spinney, A. (2011). At home and in place? The role of housing in social inclusion, AHURI [in English].
3. Albouy, D., & Zabek, M. (2016). Housing inequality. Cambridge [in English]. https://doi.org/10.3386/w21916
4. Marsh, A. (n.d.). Social exclusion and housing: arelationship in need of elaboration. radstats.org.uk. Retrieved from: http://www.radstats.org.uk/no076/marsh.htm [in English].
5. Cherenko, L.M. (Eds.). (2006). Riven zhyttyanaselennya Ukrayiny [The living standards of the population of Ukraine]. NAS of Ukraine; Institute of demography and social studies, State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv : Konsultant [in Ukrainian].
6. Makarova, O.V. (2015). Zhytlovi umovy yak klyuchovyy aspekt yakosti zhyttya v Ukrayini [Housing conditions as a key aspect of quality of life in Ukraine]. Visnyk Natsional’noyi akademiyi nauk Ukrayiny - Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 6, 28-33. [in Ukrainian].
7. Shyshkin, V.S. (2016). Bidnist’ naselennya Ukrayiny zazhytlovymy umovamy [Poverty of Ukraine’s population in terms of living conditions]. Demohrafiia ta sotsialna ekonomika - Demography and social economy, 1 (26), 51-64. - doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.01.051 [in Ukrainian].
8. Shyshkin, V.S. (2016). Statystychna otsinka stupenya zadovolenosti domohospodarstv Ukrayiny zhytlovymy umovamy [Statistical estimation of the degree of satisfaction of Ukrainian households with housing conditions]. Prykladna statystyka: problemy teoriyi ta praktyky - Applied statistics: problems of theory and practice, 18-19, 96-102 [in Ukrainian].
9. Vasyl’yev, O.A. (2010). Teoretyko-metodolohichni aspekty dyferentsiatsiyi naselennya za umovamy zhyttya [Theoretical aspects of population differentiation under the terms of life]. Visnyk Khmel’nyts’koho natsional’noho universytetu - Bulletin of Khmelnitsky National University. Retrieved from: http://journals.khnu.km.ua/vestnik/pdf/ekon/2010_4_1/263-272.pdf [in Ukrainian].
10. Dodatki do monitoringovogo opituvannya «Ukrayinske suspilstvo – 2015» [Annexes to the monitoring survey «Ukrainian society – 2015»]. (2015). i-soc.com.ua. Retrieved from: http://i-soc.com.ua/institute/el_library.php [in Ukrainian].
11. Blake, K.S., Kellerson, R.L., & Simic, A. (2007). Measuring Overcrowding in Housing, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [in English].
12. Sotsialno-demografichni harakteristiki domogospodarstv Ukrayini u 2015 rotsi [Socio-demographic characteristics of households in Ukraine in 2015]. (2015). Kyiv : State Statistics Office of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
13. Housing conditions in 2014. (n.d.). ec.europa.eu. Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7086099/3-23112015-AP-EN.pdf/a3cba175-0776-4063-86d4-c475b1c7454c [in English]

» pdf