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2 (27) 2016

Demography and social economy, 2016, 2(27):89-101
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.02.089

I.S. Kalenyuk
Dr.Sc. (conomics), Prof.
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv-32, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: kalenuk@ukr.net

T.M. Kotenko
Chief Economist
Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Ukraine, Kyiv-32, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: kotenko_t@mail.ru

SOCIAL ASPECTS OF RECREATION AND TOURISM IN UKRAINE
Section: SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The social aspects of functioning recreation and tourism areas as an important component of human development are researched in the article, social outcomes of recreation and tourism activity are defined, the main ways recreation and tourism impact human development and socio-economic development of the country are summarized, features of modern development of recreational and tourism activities in Ukraine are substantiated. Dynamics of household consumption of recreational and tourist services, indicators of functioning of recreation and tourism sphere (number of subjects, number of consumers etc.), the cost of recreation and tourist services in absolute and relative indicators are analyzed. The social effectiveness of a functioning sphere of recreation and tourism are characterized by analyzing availability and coverage of health services for some population groups, namely children, children with disabilities, victims of the Chernobyl NPP disaster, participants of the anti-terrorist operation. It is proved that the sphere of recreation and tourism has a direct impact on social parameters of living of the population (improvement of health and human development in general) as well as indirect impact by improvement of countrys indicators of economic development: GDP growth, income of population, employment and so on. Improving all the parameters of economic life of population is the foundation for improving its welfare, health and increased longevity. The rising incomes of population in their turn become a factor of accelerated development of the sphere of recreation and tourism also.
Key words: social aspects of functioning recreation and tourism sphere, social outcomes of recreation and tourism activity, consumption of recreation and tourism services by households, availability and coverage of health services of socially vulnerable population groups, recreation and tourism impact on social parameters of living of population and economic development of country.
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