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1 (26) 2016

Demography and social economy, 2016, 1(26):80-92
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.01.080

Levchuk N.M.
Dr. (Economics), Senior Researcher, Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, Taras Shevchenko Blvd., 60
E-mail: levchuk.nata@gmail.com

LONG-TERM TRENDS IN PERIOD AND COHORT LIFE EXPECTANCIES IN UKRAINE
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate and to compare long-term trends of the period and cohort life expectancies in Ukraine for the period from 1850 to 2013 and for the cohorts born from 1850 to 1923. We found that the cohort life expectancy in Ukraine lagged behind the period life expectancy. There is also a divergence in the dynamics of cohort and period life expectancies between men and women. For women, both period and cohort life expectancies have increased over time and across cohorts although cohort life expectancy increased more slowly than its period counterpart. However, the results indicated a long-term stagnation in male cohort longevity. The cohort life expectancy over 70 years of successive birth cohorts of males in Ukraine was fairly stable at a very low level: around 30 years. Male cohort life expectancy is substantially lower than corresponding period life expectancy. The cohorts born in 19171921 were the most disadvantaged in terms of survival and had the lowest life span. In particular, the cohort life expectancy for men born in 1917 was just 17.9 year. This study revealed that stagnation in male cohort life expectancy was most likely associated with the reduction of the cohort life time at the age from 15 to 49 due to a series of catastrophes that took place during the first half of the 20th century. We conclude that the differences between Ukraine and the Western countries are more pronounced for cohort life expectancy than for period life expectancy.
Key words: mortality, cohort, real and synthetic cohorts, period and cohort life expectancies, population, Ukraine.
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