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1 (26) 2016

Demography and social economy, 2016, 1(26):65-79
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2016.01.065

Kurylo I.O.
Dr. of Sciences (Economy), Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, bul. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: kurilo2005@yandex.ru

Aksyonova S.Y.
PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
01032, Kyiv, bul. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: Svitlana_Aksyonova@yahoo.com

Krimer B.O.
PhD (Economics), Leading Scientific Worker Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
01032, Kyiv, bul. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: borris7@meta.ua

FERTILITY AND MOTHERHOOD IN UKRAINE: REGIONAL ASPECT
Section: DEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: After ten years of fertility increase in Ukraine the fertility dynamics is ambiguous in recent years. In this connection the study of modern regional characteristics childbearing and its determinants actualizes. Scientific and practical interest includes the construction of integrative indicators of the conditions of maternity to assess basis of formation of the regional level and dynamic of childbearing, to determine completeness of implement fertility preferences and identify problematic regions, in which situation needs priority attention. For this purpose it was proposed the regional maternity index. In constructing of our maternity index we used 17 indicators (both stimulants and disincentives) which are combined into 4 blocks. Based on the national specifics we focused on economic factors that determine the position of women and mothers, but set of indicators that reflect the sociodemographic environment in the regions, the health of women and the special situation of children were taken into account also.
According to the analysis of regional maternity indexes we identified three typological groups of regions in Ukraine in terms of motherhood conditions: the western regions with the highest indices of motherhood due to better maternal health and a more favorable social and demographic environment; the belt of central regions of Ukraine and southern regions of the country with the average maternity index; and the belt of south-eastern regions and some northern regions with the lowest index mainly because of the negative impact of social, demographic and some economic factors. Comparative analysis of conditions for maternity in regions of Ukraine based on maternity indexes 2008 and 2013 showed that the identified features of their regional differentiation are fairly constant over time.
Key words: motherhood, maternity index, socio-demographic environment factors in fertility.
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