-


3 (25) 2015 .

Demography and social economy, 2015, 3(25):138-149
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2015.03.009

G.V. GERASYMENKO
PhD (Economics), Senior Researcher Department of Human Development Studies Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 01032, Kyiv, blvd. Taras Shevchenko, 60
E-mail: geranna@ukr.net

Gender-Based Violence in Ukraine: Issues of Assessment and Policy Response
Section: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Language: English
Abstract: Gender-based violence is a global phenomenon, affecting all countries through various forms, including domestic violence, sex trafficking, sexual abuse, etc. However, in many societies it is justified with societal norms, cultural and religious barriers. In many aspects, gender violence makes a common challenge for national governments and international community, resulting from a weak coordination of relevant governmental bodies and poor sectoral capacity of authorities. A lack of reliable statistics makes a particular problem, as incidence of such cases is covered with silence, while survivors are stigmatized in a society.
The proposed paper is devoted to analysis of gender-based violence in Ukraine based on data of Demographic and Health Survey, Survey on Incidence Violence Against Women and Girls and administrative statistics on the number of registered cases. The paper provides exploration of the basic trends, alarming indicators, prevalence of different forms of gender-based violence in the country.
The key findings of the paper can be used for development of proposals to the national policies, programmes and other interventions to prevent and combat gender-based violence.
Key words: gender-based violence, violence against women, domestic violence, gender-sensitive policy.
References:
1. AMA (1995). Sexual Assault in America, American Medical Association. Council of Europe (2006). Combating violence against women: Stock ataking study on the measures and actions taken in Council of Europe member states.
2. Council of Europe (2011). Ad Hoc Committee on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (CAHVIO).
3. Crepaldi, C., Samek Lodovici, M. and Corsi, M. (2010). Violence against women and the role of gender equality, social inclusion and health strategies for the DG Employment of the European Commission, Expert Group on Gender Equality and Social Inclusion, Health and Long-Term Care Issues (EGGSI), Luxembourg.
4. EIGE (2014). Administrative data sources on gender based violence against women in the EU Current- status and potential for the collection of comparable data: Report, European Institute for Gender Equality, Vilnius, Lithuania.
5. European Commission (2010). Gender equality in the EU in 2009.Special Eurobarometer 326 / Wave 72.2 - TNS Opinion & Social, 236 p.
6. Heise, L., J. Pitanguy, and A. Germain (1994). Violence against women: The hidden health burden. World Bank Discussion Papers, 255. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
7. Heise, L., M. Ellsberg, and M. Gottemoeller (1998). Ending violence against women. Population Reports, Series L, No. 11. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Population Information Program [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: //www.infoforhealth.org/pr/l11/violence. pdf.
8. Human Rights Watch (2003). Womens Work: Discrimination Against Women in the Ukrainian Labor Force, Vol. 15, No. 5(D), 38 (August 2003). 9. Human Rights Watch (2015).World Report - 2015, Human Rights Watch, USA. Available at www.hrw. org.
10. IASC (2005).Guidelines on Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings. Kelly, L., Hagemann-White, C., Meysen, T. and Romkens, R. (2011). Realising Rights, Case studies on state responses to violence against women and children in Europe.
11. Kishor, S., and K. Johnson (2006). Reproductive health and domestic violence: Are the poorest women uniquely disadvantaged? Demography 43(2): 293-307.
12. Law of Ukraine N 2789-III from 15.11.2001. On Prevention of Domestic Violence [Electronic Resource]. - Access mode: http://www.legislationline.org/documents/action/popup/id/5052.
13. OHCHR (2014). Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine, 15 June 2014, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Kyiv, Ukraine.
14. Ruuskanen, E. and Aromaa, K. (2008). Administrative data collection on domestic violence in Council of Europe Member States, Council of Europe, EG-VAW-DC(2008) Study, Strasbourg. State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2014). Statistical Yearbook of Ukraine - 2013, Kyiv, Ukraine.
15. State Statistics Service and Ukrainian Center for Social Reforms (2013).Ukraine Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2012, Final Report. Kyiv, Ukraine.
16. UCSR (Ukrainian Center for Social Reforms), State Statistical Committee of Ukraine, Ministry of Health [Ukraine], and Macro International Inc. (2008). Ukraine Demographic and Health Survey 2007. Calverton, Maryland, USA: UCSR and Macro International.
17. UCSR (Ukrainian Center for Social Reforms), UNFPA in Ukraine (2012). Womens Labour Force Participation in Ukraine: Analytical Report, Kyiv, Ukraine.
18. UCSR (Ukrainian Center for Social Reforms), UNFPA in Ukraine (2014). Situation of Older Women in Ukraine: Analytical Report, Kyiv, Ukraine.
19. UNFPA (2014a). Surveys, Conducted in the Framework of Preparation of the Eighth Periodic Report on the Implementation in Ukraine of the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Kyiv, Ukraine.
20. UNFPA (2014b).Incidence of violence against girls and women, prepared by GfK Ukraine for the UNFPA, Kyiv, Ukraine.
21. United Nations General Assembly (1993). Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. New York: United Nations. A/RES/48/104.

» pdf