-


2 (24) 2015 .

Demography and social economy, 2015, 2(24):88-102
doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2015.02.088

I.S. Kalenyuk
Dr. of sciences (Economy), Leading Researcher, Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
V.A. Yamkoviy
Head of Sector, Ministry of education and science of Ukraine

Features of Influence of Education on the Provision of Social Mobility in Modern Conditions
Section: Quality of education
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The role of education in social mobility is examined in the article. The general trends of education development in the modern world are analyzed: increasing educational period in human life, expanding scope and coverage of the population in higher education, formation of the world market of educational services. The basic directions of ensuring social mobility are determined: a persons characteristics (skills, parents education) and social mechanisms of ensuring equal access to education. Relationship between parents education and educational achievements of next generations based on the data of Ukraine and the countries OECD is proven. The current trends of educational systems transformation in Ukraine is revealed: diversification and stratification of general and higher education, expanding access to higher education, influence of demographic factors and ill-conceived political decisions on the contingent of education system. The trends of access of certain sections of the population to higher education (Chernobyl victims, rural youth) are analyzed. The educations effect on social selection as a result of the layering system of secondary and higher education for the education quality criteria is proven. The influence of higher education on graduates employability on the labor market is analyzed. The influence of education on the value of social mobility and social selection in the modern Ukrainian economy is determined. The importance of guaranteeing access to high-quality education to all sectors of population, which will facilitate the strengthening of the role of education in achieving social mobility, is proven.
Key words: social mobility, upward mobility, downward mobility, social function of education, social lift, intergenerational educational mobility.
References:
1. Sorokin, P. (1992). Socialnaya stratificaciya i socialnaya mobilnost [Social stratification and social mobility]. Chelovek. Civilizatiya. Obschestvo. Moskwa [in Russian]
2. Weber, M. (1994). Osnovnie ponyatia stratificatii [The basic concepts of stratification]. SOCIS, 5, 155 [in Russian].
3. Education at glance 2014. Paris: OECD. Retrieved from: http://www.oecd.org/ [in English].
4. Seredni class v Ukraine, jittevi cinnosti, gotovnist do associatii i prosuvannya demokratichnih norm i standartiv (Analitichna dopovid Centru Razumkova). [The middle class in Ukraine, life values, commitment to the association and promotion of democratic norms and standards (Razumkov Centre analytical report)]. Retrieved from: http://www.razumkov.org.ua/ukr/files/category_journal/NBIO_Srdn_kls_1_2_fnl_A4.pdf) [in Ukrainian].
5. Kalenyuk, I., Dyakon, A. (2014). Development of higher education in a globalized world. Demography and social economy, 1, 24-36. [in English]. https://doi.org/10.15407/dse2014.01.024
6. Doschkilna osvita Ukraini 2010 [Pre-school education in Ukraine2010]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
7. Doschkilna osvita Ukraini 2013 [Pre-school education in Ukraine 2013]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
8. Zagalnoosvitni navchalni zakladi Ukraini na pochatok 2010/11 navchalnogo roku [Secondary schools Ukraine at the beginning of the 2010/11 school year]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
9. Zagalnoosvitni navchalni zakladi Ukraini na pochatok 2013/14 navchalnogo roku [Secondary schools Ukraine at the beginning of the 2013/14 school year]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
10. Prodovjennya navchannya ta zdobuttya professii 2010 . [Continuing education and entrance into the profession 2010]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
11. Prodovjennya navchannya ta zdobuttya professii 2013 [Continuing education and entrance into the profession 2013]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
12. Osnovni pokazniki diyalnosti vischih navchalnih zakladiv na pochatok 2010/11 navchalnogo roku [Key indicators of higher education in Ukraine at the beginning of the 2010/11 school year]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
13. Osnovni pokazniki diyalnosti vischih navchalnih zakladiv na pochatok 2013/14 navchalnogo roku [Key indicators of higher education in Ukraine at the beginning of the 2013/14 school year]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
14. Pidgotovka naukovih kadriv 2010 [Training of scientific personnel 2010]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua. [in Ukrainian].
15. Pidgotovka naukovih kadriv 2013 [Training of scientific personnel 2013]. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua.[in Ukrainian].
16. Socialno-demografichni characteristiki domogospodarstv Ukraini v 2014 roci (Za danimi vibirkovogo obstejennya umov jittya domogospodarstv Ukraini) [Socio-demographic characteristics of households in Ukraine in 2014. According to sample survey Household Budget Ukraine]. (2014). Derjavna slujba statistiki Ukraini. Kiev. [in Ukrainian].
17. Economichna aktivnist naselennya Ukraini 2013 [Economic Activity Ukraine’s population in 2013]: Derjavna slujba statistiki Ukraini. Retrieved from: http:// www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
18. Grishnova, O.A., Samarceva, A.E. (2012). Molodi specialisti na rinku praci Ukraini: problemi konkurentospromojnosti ta pracevlashtuvannya [Young professionals in the labor market: problems of competitiveness and employment]. Zbirnik naukovih prac Socialno-trudovi vidnosini: teoria ta praktika - Labor Relations: Theory and Practific Scientific, Works, 1(3), 28-35 [in Ukrainian].

» pdf